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  • 18-March-2022

    English

    Regulating corporate political engagement - Trends, challenges and the role for investors

    This report provides an analysis of regulations and 'soft law' instruments that shape corporate political engagement activities across 17 jurisdictions (Australia, Brazil, Canada, European Union, France, Germany, Hong Kong (China), India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, People’s Republic of China, South Africa, Spain, United Kingdom, United States). It provides an analysis of high-level trends, examines commonalities and differences in regulatory scope across jurisdictions, and highlights key areas of unregulated influence. The report includes examples of leading as well as weaker regulatory frameworks in each of the assessed jurisdictions, and suggests critical areas for investor engagement with policy makers, companies and other relevant actors.
  • 17-March-2022

    English

    Dangerous Fakes - Trade in Counterfeit Goods that Pose Health, Safety and Environmental Risks

    Illicit trade in counterfeit goods causes economic damage by reducing sales and profits as well as innovation incentives in legitimate industries. At the same time, some counterfeits can be of low quality and create significant additional risks, including health risks (fake pharmaceuticals or food products), safety risks (counterfeit automotive spare parts, fake batteries) and environmental risks (fake chemicals or pesticides). This study presents detailed information on the value of counterfeit trade in such dangerous fake goods, analyses changes in the volumes and composition of the goods, and maps key trade routes. The evidence in this report can be used to raise awareness of the risks of this trade and its implications for health and environmental policy.
  • 15-March-2022

    English

    Drivers of Trust in Public Institutions in Norway

    Trust in public institutions is a cornerstone of the Norwegian administrative and political model. It has also been a crucial element in Norway’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Preserving and strengthening this 'trust capital' will be essential for Norway in addressing future trade-offs and challenges, such as ensuring the sustainability of the welfare model, coping with climate change and maintaining social cohesion. Based on the results of the OECD Survey on Drivers of Trust in Public Institutions and using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, this study examines the main determinants of trust in Norway’s national government, local government and public administration.
  • 14-March-2022

    English

    Launch Event of the OECD Policy Paper: Delivering for Youth, 21 March 2022

    The policy paper was launched with a high-level panel of policymakers and members of youth organisations to discuss the main findings of the policy paper, including the impacts of COVID-19 on young people’s trust in government and satisfaction with democracy.

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  • 10-March-2022

    English

    The Contribution of Migration to Regional Development

    With many regions in OECD countries facing declining working age populations, the geographical dimension of migration has become crucial for regional development. Where migrants settle within countries and how much they contribute to the local economies are important questions for policy makers. This report aims to address these questions using two novel datasets that offer internationally comparable information on migration and migrants' labour market integration across cities, towns and rural areas in OECD countries. The report also analyses different dimensions of regional development and provides new evidence on how migrants contribute to regional income, innovation, international trade and labour markets.
  • 9-March-2022

    English

    Engaging citizens in cohesion policy - DG REGIO and OECD pilot project final report

    Around one-third of the European Union’s budget is dedicated to cohesion policy, which promotes and supports the overall harmonious development of its Member States and regions. The success of this investment relies on effective partnerships among governments, stakeholders, and citizens. Citizens have a key role to play in shaping decisions on public investment, as well as in making public authorities more transparent and accountable. From July 2020-December 2021, the European Commission and the OECD partnered to explore how five authorities across Europe could place citizens at the centre of their investment decisions. This report summarises lessons learned throughout this project and, particularly, the results of applying innovative citizen participation methods to cohesion policy more broadly.
  • 3-March-2022

    English

    OECD Integrity Review of the Slovak Republic - Delivering Effective Public Integrity Policies

    The OECD Integrity Review of the Slovak Republic provides concrete recommendations for strengthening the Slovak Republic’s Anti-Corruption Policy, in particular through identifying key corruption risk areas. It analyses integrity standards, including on conflict of interest and post-public employment, and pinpoints where to close gaps in the current legislation to reinforce a culture of integrity across the whole of government. The Review also suggests tools for strengthening engagement with businesses and citizens to understand and uphold their roles and responsibilities for integrity. Finally, the Review assesses the government decision-making process and identifies measures for improving its transparency and integrity for more accountable and equitable policies.
  • 28-February-2022

    English

    Constitutions in OECD Countries: A Comparative Study - Background Report in the Context of Chile’s Constitutional Process

    Chile has embarked on an ambitious path towards a new constitution. For all countries, drafting a new constitution or amending an existing one is a stimulating challenge, but also a demanding process from both a political and technical standpoint. This report presents the results of a benchmarking exercise conducted by the OECD of possible constitutional provisions, reflecting the experiences of OECD member countries. The components covered include economic and social rights, the system of government, multi-level governance, constitutional review, fiscal governance and the role and functioning of central banks.
  • 23-February-2022

    English, PDF, 1,909kb

    Pilot on Integrating OECD Due Diligence into Public Procurement in the Garment Sector

    This report presents the results of a pilot that considered the application of the OECD due diligence framework, and specifically the OECD Due Diligence Guidance for Responsible Supply Chains in the Garment and Footwear Sector, to the public procurement of uniforms and other public purchases in the garment, footwear and textile categories.

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  • 22-February-2022

    English

    OECD Framework for the Classification of AI systems

    As artificial intelligence (AI) integrates all sectors at a rapid pace, different AI systems bring different benefits and risks. In comparing virtual assistants, self-driving vehicles and video recommendations for children, it is easy to see that the benefits and risks of each are very different. Their specificities will require different approaches to policy making and governance. To help policy makers, regulators, legislators and others characterise AI systems deployed in specific contexts, the OECD has developed a user-friendly tool to evaluate AI systems from a policy perspective. It can be applied to the widest range of AI systems across the following dimensions: People & Planet; Economic Context; Data & Input; AI model; and Task & Output. Each of the framework's dimensions has a subset of properties and attributes to define and assess policy implications and to guide an innovative and trustworthy approach to AI as outlined in the OECD AI Principles.
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