Conference on Artificial Intelligence - "AI: Intelligent Machines, Smart Policies"

‌  26-27 October 2017   OECD, Paris

Stephen Hawking controversially claimed in 2016 that artificial intelligence (AI) will be “either the best or worst thing” for humanity. While AI is on track to help tackle global challenges and deliver considerable benefits, it also creates new challenges and questions linked, for instance, to the future of work, privacy, governance, and public research. Learning algorithms already greet us on our digital devices, influence our purchases, govern our news feeds, and could soon drive our cars.

What sort of policy and institutional frameworks should guide AI design and use, as autonomous and self-taught machines become part of our everyday lives?

And as it permeates economies and societies, how can we ensure that AI benefits society as a whole?

The OECD conference “AI: Intelligent Machines, Smart Policies” brought together policymakers, representatives of civil society and AI experts from industry and academia to discuss opportunities and challenges and the role of policy and international co-operation. 

Topics of discussion included:

  • the state of AI research
  • AI applications & case studies, focusing on science and space applications
  • the AI policy landscape
  • employment and skills
  • responsibility, liability and safety
  • privacy and security
  • transparency and ethics

>> Agenda, speaker bios and presentations

>> More OECD work on artificial intelligence

Dates: Thursday-Friday, 26-27 October 2017

Location: OECD Conference Centre, Paris, France

Attendance: Participation was by invitation due to space constraints. Participants included government delegates from a range of domains including digital economy ministries, labour ministries, space agency representatives, research ministries, data protection authorities and consumer protection agencies.

Contact: For further information, please contact

Webcast: The event was streamed live. A summary report will be published at a later date.

The conference was organised by the OECD with support from the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications of Japan (MIC).


>> Also watch our AI session on the same theme at the December 2017 Internet Governance Forum