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  • 10-October-2017

    English

    OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Canada 2017

    Canada, the world's second largest country by area, has abundant natural resources. Its vast territory includes large tracts of undisturbed wilderness. However, urbanisation and agriculture are putting pressure on the natural asset base. Since 2000, Canada has made progress in decoupling economic growth from air pollution, energy consumption and GHG emissions, but it remains one of the most energy- and emissions-intensive economies in the OECD. Further progress is needed to transition to a green, low-carbon economy.

    This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Canada. It evaluates progress towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on climate change mitigation and urban wastewater management.

  • 26-September-2017

    English

    Making Dispute Resolution More Effective - MAP Peer Review Report, Canada (Stage 1) - Inclusive Framework on BEPS: Action 14

    Under Action 14, countries have committed to implement a minimum standard to strengthen the effectiveness and efficiency of the mutual agreement procedure (MAP). The MAP is included in Article 25 of the OECD Model Tax Convention and commits countries to endeavour to resolve disputes related to the interpretation and application of tax treaties. The Action 14 Minimum Standard has been translated into specific terms of reference and a methodology for the peer review and monitoring process. The minimum standard is complemented by a set of best practices.

    The peer review process is conducted in two stages.  Stage 1 assesses countries against the terms of reference of the minimum standard according to an agreed schedule of review. Stage 2 focuses on monitoring the follow-up of any recommendations resulting from jurisdictions' stage 1 peer review report. This report reflects the outcome of the stage 1 peer review of the implementation of the Action 14 Minimum Standard by Canada, which is accompanied by a document addressing the implementation of best practices.

  • 21-août-2017

    Français

    Le Forum mondial publie, pour 10 juridictions, les résultats de son second cycle de notation de la conformité à la norme de transparence fiscale

    Le Forum mondial sur la transparence et l’échange de renseignements à des fins fiscales (« le Forum mondial ») a publié ce jour les 10 premières notations attribuées dans le cadre de sa nouvelle procédure étendue d’examen par les pairs visant à évaluer la conformité des juridictions à la norme internationale d’échange de renseignements sur demande (norme EOIR) par les administrations fiscales.

    Documents connexes
  • 21-August-2017

    English

  • 25-July-2017

    English

    SME and Entrepreneurship Policy in Canada

    SMEs and entrepreneurs make an important contribution to the Canadian economy. SMEs account for 60% of total employment, and Canada performs very well across many measures of small business generation, growth and innovation. However, further increases in productivity in medium-sized firms, an increase in SME exports, a greater business start-up rate and an increased number of high-growth firms could bring substantial benefits for the national economy.
    This report identifies several areas where new policy approaches could help achieve these objectives. Framework conditions for small business could be improved in business taxation, public procurement, access to financing and the commercialisation of research. New and extended programmes could be introduced in domains including entrepreneurship education, management advice and consultancy, and workforce skills development. A major effort is recommended to prioritise women's entrepreneurship, including by supporting social enterprises, and federal support could be offered to support the exchange of information on best practice SME regulations and programmes among provinces and territories. All this could be brought together and co-ordinated through the umbrella of a national strategy and a lead agency for SME and entrepreneurship policy.
     

  • 13-juillet-2017

    Français, PDF, 291kb

    Perspectives de l’emploi de l’OCDE 2017 - La situation du Canada

    Malgré une forte reprise depuis la récession, le marché du travail canadien s’est affaibli depuis mi-2014 du fait des faibles prix des matières premières. • Le taux de chômage a dépassé la moyenne des pays de l'OCDE. D’une valeur de 6.9% fin 2016, il se situe encore au-dessus de son niveau d’avant-crise (5.9% en 2007).

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  • 16-juin-2017

    Français

    Pour une croissance plus forte et plus inclusive au Canada

    Avec derrière eux deux décennies de croissance soutenue du revenu disponible des ménages et, plus généralement, de leur niveau de vie, les Canadiens jouissent d’un bien-être enviable. Le PIB par habitant est plus élevé que la moyenne OCDE et le Canada se classe parmi les premiers pays membres de l’Organisation pour ce qui est des compétences des élèves. Ses habitants profitent d’un environnement plus préservé que la moyenne de l’OCDE et vivent par ailleurs en meilleure santé. Cela n’empêche pas que des disparités persistent – en effet toutes les catégories de population n’ont pas profité dans la même mesure de l’amélioration des conditions de vie par le passé. Le niveau des inégalités de revenu est proche de la moyenne OCDE et globalement stable depuis une quinzaine d’années, mais le système de prélèvements et prestations assure une redistribution moindre que ceux de la plupart des autres pays membres de l’Organisation. Parallèlement à cela, la croissance de la productivité marque le pas, réduisant d’autant la marge de progression du niveau de vie. Le défi transversal que constituent la persistance d’inégalités multidimensionnelles et la faible croissance de la productivité souligne la nécessité de revoir la fonction d’élaboration des politiques au Canada dans le but de favoriser une croissance plus vigoureuse et plus inclusive. À cet égard, on ne peut que se féliciter de la volonté affichée par le gouvernement de renforcer la classe moyenne et d’offrir à tous ceux qui travaillent dur la possibilité d’y accéder.

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  • 13-June-2017

    English, PDF, 3,955kb

    Policies for stronger and more inclusive growth in Canada

    Canada has experienced solid improvements in living standards in the last two decades and enjoys a higher quality of life than many other OECD countries. However, not all population groups enjoy equally high levels of well-being. This brochure has been prepared to help the Canadian government identify key policy reforms that would help the country achieve more inclusive growth.

    Related Documents
  • 22-May-2017

    English

    Aid at a glance charts

    These ready-made tables and charts provide for snapshot of aid (Official Development Assistance) for all DAC Members as well as recipient countries and territories. Summary reports by regions (Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Oceania) and the world are also available.

    Related Documents
  • 6-April-2017

    English, PDF, 418kb

    Taxing Wages: Key findings for Canada

    Canada had the 26th lowest tax wedge among the 35 OECD member countries in 2016. The country occupied the same position in 2015. The average single worker in Canada faced a tax wedge of 31.4% in 2016 compared with the OECD average of 36.0%.

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