Until the mid-1990s, the share of migrants in Italy was relatively low in international
comparison. With a persistent demand for foreign workers in low-skilled and low-paid
jobs, the proximity of conflict areas and the enlargement of the European Union to
Romania and Bulgaria in 2007, migration to Italy increased rapidly over the last 15
years. This report presents an overview of the skills and qualifications of immigrants
in Italy, their key labour market outcomes in international comparison, and their
evolution over time, given the highly segmented Italian labour market and its high
share of informal jobs.
It analyses the framework for integration and the main integration policy instruments.
Special attention is paid to funding issues and to the distribution of competences
between national and sub-national actors. Finally, this report reviews the integration
at school and the school-to-work transition of the children of immigrants
Published on July 07, 2014Also available in: Italian