Development Co-operation Directorate

OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: European Union 2018

In series:OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviewsview more titles

Published on December 10, 2018

Also available in: French

The OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts periodic reviews of the individual development co-operation efforts of DAC members. The policies and programmes of each DAC member are critically examined approximately once every five years. DAC peer reviews assess the performance of a given member, not just that of its development co-operation agency, and examine both policy and implementation. They take an integrated, system-wide perspective on the development co-operation and humanitarian assistance activities of the member under review. Among other issues, this review looks at how the European Union has shown leadership in forging global agreements on sustainable development and climate change, and suggests the enhancement of a whole of EU approach in focusing on poverty reduction and countries that are most in need.


Conducting the peer review
Abbreviations and acronyms
The European Union's aid at a glance
Context of the peer review of the European Union
The DAC's main findings and recommendations
Secretariat’s Report7 chapters available
The European Union's global efforts for sustainable development
The European Union's policy vision and framework
The European Union's financing for development
The European Union's structure and systems
The European Union's delivery modalities and partnerships
The European Union's results, evaluation and learning
The European Union's humanitarian assistance
Annexes5 chapters available
Progress in implementing the 2012 DAC peer review recommendations
An essential glossary of the European Union's development co-operation system
OECD DAC standard suite of tables on the European Union
Field visits to Bolivia and Mali
Organisational charts
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Read the DAC's main findings and recommendations, available in English and in French.

OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: European Union 2018

The European Union has shown leadership in its efforts towards reaching global agreements on sustainable development and climate change, as well as in shaping the international humanitarian landscape by taking an integrated approach towards crisis and fragility. Its joint programming, extensive use of budget support, and results based management based on country priorities are enhancing ownership and inclusiveness.

The Review underlines that the European Union would benefit from strengthening policy coherence for development and a whole-of-EU approach in establishing operational guidance for poverty reduction and mobilising private investment for development. It could also lead by example by allocating more resources to least developed countries.

A good practice excerpt from the peer review: European Union’s budget support

The European Union is a global leader on budget support, disbursing 80% of the total DAC members’ Official Development Assistance for this modality. The European Union’s budget support - including state building contracts for fragile contexts - is implemented in 90 countries and territories around the world through 270 contracts, mostly in sub-Saharan Africa and the European neighbourhood countries. Its positive impact on better governance and its effectiveness in partner countries have been widely recognised.

Read chapter 5 of the peer review for more on the European Union's budget support

The European Union's implementation of peer review recommendations from 2012


Read about the implementation of the 2012 recommendations (Annex A)

 About this review

EU's peer review history

 Related links