An Atlas of the Sahara-Sahel

Geography, Economics and Security

The Sahara-Sahel has seen recurrent episodes of instability. However, the recent Libyan and Malian crises have intensified the level of violence. These episodes have restructured the geopolitical and geographical dynamics of the region. Cross-border or regional, these contemporary crises require new institutional responses. How can countries sharing this space -  Algeria, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Mauritania, Niger, Chad and Tunisia and all related states such as Nigeria - stabilize and develop? Historically, the Sahara plays an intermediary role between North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa. Commercial and human exchanges are intense and based on social networks that now include trafficking. Understanding their structure, geographical and organizational mobility of criminal groups and migratory movements represents a strategic challenge. This book hopes to address this challenge and stimulate strategies for the Sahel of the European Union, the United Nations, the African Union or ECOWAS (Economic Community of the States of West Africa) in order to foster lasting peace. The Atlas is based on an analysis of mapped regional security issues and development objectives to open the necessary dialogue between regional and international organizations, governments, researchers and local stakeholders tracks.

Published on December 19, 2014Also available in: French

In series:West African Studiesview more titles


Foreword and authors
Executive Summary
Reactivating a space of fragmented circulation3 chapters available
Sahara-Sahelian space and geography
Socio-economic indicators within Sahara-Sahel countries
Petroleum and networks of influence in the Sahara-Sahel
Securing the Sahara-Sahel by integrating its social and spatial mobility7 chapters available
Ancient and new mobility in the Sahara-Sahel
Migrations and the Sahara
Nomadism and mobility in the Sahara-Sahel
Borders, cross-border co-operation and freedom of movement in the Sahara-Sahel
Security issues, movement and networks in the Sahara-Sahel
Trafficking economies in the Sahara-Sahel
An institutional point of view on the challenges of the Sahara-Sahel
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