Which laws, social norms and practices limit girls’ and women’s rights and opportunities?
The OECD Development Centre’s Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures discrimination against women in social institutions across 179 countries. By taking into account laws, social norms and practices that restrict women’s and girls’ rights and access to empowerment opportunities and resources, the SIGI captures the underlying drivers of gender inequality.
The SIGI aims to support policymaking by providing the necessary data to policy- and decision-makers, experts and researchers, international and philanthropic organisations, as well as the public at large. It is one of the official data sources for monitoring SDG Indicator 5.1.1 on “Whether or not legal frameworks are in place to promote, enforce and monitor gender equality and women’s empowerment”, together with UN Women and the World Bank Group’s Women Business and the Law.
What is the SIGI?
The Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) measures discriminatory social institutions in key areas that affect women’s and girls’ lives. Produced by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Centre since 2009, the SIGI has been instrumental in documenting the persistence and prevalence of gender discrimination across countries at different stages of development. The SIGI aims to support policymaking by providing quality data to policy- and decision-makers, experts and researchers, international and philanthropic organisations, as well as the public at large.
SIGI scores range from 0 to 100, with 0 indicating no discrimination and 100 indicating absolute discrimination. Scores in dimensions and indicators are also scaled similarly.
The OECD Development Centre is immensely grateful to all the legal experts and lawyers that participated in the SIGI 2023 Legal Survey and answered the 173 questions of the survey between March 2022 and February 2023. Their work and dedication were crucial to build the SIGI 2023 legal database that looks at discrimination in formal and informal laws across 15 of the 16 key areas of the SIGI conceptual framework.
The full list of legal experts and lawyers who participated and who authorised the OECD Development Centre to publicly disclose their participation can be found here.