Boosting Social Inclusion in Spain

Improving Pathways and Co-ordination of Services

EU Funded Note Spain has a high share of the working age population at risk of poverty or social exclusion and a high incidence of child poverty. While Spain has introduced a minimum income at the national level, social inclusion policies are the responsibility of the regions. At present, the coverage of the minimum income remains low and there are many differences in the design and implementation of social inclusion policies across regions, especially as a number of regions do not develop social inclusion strategies. There is also a lack of a multidimensional approach to social inclusion. This report develops options for new inclusion models that address current challenges and help formulate a coherent inclusion strategy. It also sets out a blueprint for developing a monitoring and evaluation framework. The recommendations aim to increase the effectiveness of minimum income policies and strengthen the co-ordination between social services, employment, health and housing.

Published on September 29, 2023


Executive summary
Main characteristics of socially excluded in Spain
Policy responses to social inclusion barriers in Spain
Minimum income schemes and inclusion itineraries in Spain
Best practices in social inclusion across OECD countries: Ensuring adequate monetary support, active inclusion and co‑ordinated services
An improved monitoring and evaluation framework for social inclusion in Spain
Policy directions: Avenues for the future of social inclusion in Spain
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