Social and welfare issues


Modernising Social Services in Spain

Designing a New National Framework

Social services in Spain are confronted with a series of challenges, including growing demand due to population ageing, changing family models, rising inequality and labour market changes. Services are fragmented and, with multiple providers, lack reliable and comprehensive data. There is also a discontinuity between primary and specialised care. The decentralised model of competences generates complexity in management and financing of services. With the current governance and financing system, there are disparities in the type and quality of social services provided across the 17 Spanish Autonomous Communities and two autonomous cities. In addition, there is a lack of portability of benefits throughout the country. This report suggests ways to improve the legal context, move towards more universal services, strengthen quality, and move towards more evidence-based policies.

Published on October 18, 2022


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Overview and recommendations
The complex legal framework for social services across Spain
There are statutory differences in rights to social services across Spain
There are differences in actual access to social services across Spain
Financing, expenses and governance of social services in Spain
A new legal context for social services in Spain
Clarifying the scope of social services in Spain
Measures to improve the quality of social services in Spain
Initiatives to strengthen evidence‑based policy making for social services in Spain
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