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Publications & Documents


  • 10-August-2020

    English

    Greater harmonisation of clinical trial regulations would help the fight against COVID-19

    This brief discusses the obstacles in developing international clinical trials that are critical to fight the COVID-19 pandemic. It provides information on relevant adaptations of regulatory requirements for clinical trials intended to accelerate processes, and highlights the need to further harmonise these regulations between national regulatory authorities.

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  • 6-August-2020

    English

    The impacts of COVID-19 on the space industry

    The recent growth in the space sector has generated unprecedented levels of entrepreneurship and start-up activity, but the COVID-19 crisis could reverse this positive trend. Space agencies and other public administrations therefore need to fully consider vulnerable smaller actors in their overall crisis responses.

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  • 5-August-2020

    English

    Research and Development Statistics (RDS)

    This electronic publication provides recent statistics on the resources devoted to the R&D in OECD countries and in nine non-member economies.

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  • 3-August-2020

    English

    Optimising the operation and use of national research infrastructures

    This report is the outcome of a joint activity between Science Europe and the OECD, and presents a generic framework for improving the use and operation of national research infrastructures (RIs), which play a key role in enabling and developing research in all scientific domains and represent an increasingly large share of research investment. It includes two guiding models: one for portfolio management and one for user-base optimisation. These identify the key principles of an effective national RI portfolio management system and the factors that RI managers should consider with regards to optimising the user base of national RIs. Both guiding models account for the diversity of national systems and RI operation approaches. The report also contains a series of more generic policy recommendations and suggested actions for RI portfolio managers and RI managers.
  • 24-July-2020

    English, PDF, 6,393kb

    Examples of AI national policies

    This report was prepared as an input for the discussions in the G20 Digital Economy Task Force in 2020, under the auspices of the G20 Saudi Arabia Presidency. It draws on country survey responses or information for almost all G20 and guest countries, and on Task Force discussions that took place in 2020 under the thematic dialogue on artificial intelligence.

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  • 10-July-2020

    English

    Building digital workforce capacity and skills for data-intensive science

    This report looks at the human resource requirements for data-intensive science, focusing primarily on research conducted in the public sector, and the related challenges and training needs. Digitalisation is, to some extent, being driven by science, while simultaneously affecting all aspects of scientific practice. Open science, including access to data, is being widely promoted, and investment in cyber-infrastructures and digital platforms is increasing; but inadequate attention has been given to the skills that researchers and research support professionals need to fully exploit these tools. The COVID-19 pandemic, which struck as this report was being finalised, has underscored the critical importance of data-intensive science and the need for strategic approaches to strengthening the digital capacity and skills of the scientific enterprise as a whole. The report includes policy recommendations for various actors and good practice examples to support these recommendations.
  • 8-July-2020

    English

    Science, technology and innovation: How co-ordination at home can help the global fight against COVID-19

    The urgency of tackling COVID-19 has led governments in many countries to launch a number of short-notice and fast-tracked initiatives. Yet without proper co-ordination amongst ministries and agencies, they run the risk of duplicating efforts or missing opportunities, resulting in slower progress and economic inefficiencies.

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  • 8-July-2020

    English

    OECD case study of Norway’s digital science and innovation policy and governance landscape

    This report describes Norway’s landscape for Digital Science and Innovation Policy (DSIP) - the overarching framework through which governments make intensive use of digital technologies and data resources to support the formulation, delivery and administration of STI policy. The report describes how Norway’s DSIP landscape is shaped by its broader digital government framework and agenda, introduces the main actors in the DSIP system and discusses their main features in relation to their key objectives and the generic purposes of DSIP approaches. Special attention is paid to the role of STI statistics. It concludes by drawing out key findings and potential implications to help the Norwegian government identify opportunities that promote the system’s further development in line with its strategic objectives. This study also provides an indication of the potential opportunities and challenges that other countries might face when developing, implementing and maintaining digital systems for STI policy and administration.
  • 30-June-2020

    English

    Making the Most of Technology for Learning and Training in Latin America

    Digitalisation is transforming the world of work and societies, and creating opportunities to learn and develop skills in new ways, times and places. The adoption and use of digital technologies can help Latin American countries close the skills gap with more advanced economies. Making the Most of Technology for Learning and Training in Latin America demonstrates how Latin American countries can realise the potential of new technologies for skills development in schools and all stages of life. It identifies barriers to accessing ICT infrastructure and connectivity limitations in Latin America, and provides recommendations on how they can be overcome to ensure that all students and citizens can benefit from new technologies for learning. The report explores the relationship between technology use in initial education and students’ performance in Latin America, and how policies can best support teachers as digital tools enter their classrooms. Digitalisation provides new opportunities for lifelong learning and this report examines the potential of open education and MOOCs in reaching those adults who are most in need of training in Latin American countries.
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