Regional, rural and urban development


Linking Indigenous Communities with Regional Development in Canada

Canada’s Constitution Act (1982) recognises three Indigenous groups: Indians (now referred to as First Nations), Inuit, and Métis. Indigenous peoples make a vital contribution to the culture, heritage and economic development of Canada. Despite improvements in Indigenous well-being in recent decades, significant gaps remain with the non-Indigenous population. This study focuses on four priority issues to maximise the potential of Indigenous economies in Canada. First, improving the quality of the statistical framework and the inclusion of Indigenous peoples in the governance of data. Second, measures to improve the fairness and transparency for how Indigenous peoples can secure land tenure and the use of tools and such as land use planning to use it to promote community economic development. Third, promoting entrepreneurship so Indigenous peoples can use assets and resources in ways that align with their objectives for development. Fourth, implementing an approach to governance that adapts policies to places, and empowers Indigenous institutions and communities.

Published on January 21, 2020

In series:OECD Rural Policy Reviewsview more titles


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Assessment and recommendations
Overview of Indigenous governance in Canada: Evolving relations and key issues and debates
Profile of Indigenous Canada: Trends and data needs
The importance of land for Indigenous economic development
Enabling rural Indigenous entrepreneurship
Improving governance for place-based Indigenous economic development
Community profiles
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