Linking Indigenous Communities with Regional Development in Canada
Canada’s Constitution Act (1982) recognises three Indigenous groups: Indians (now
referred to as First Nations), Inuit, and Métis. Indigenous peoples make a vital contribution
to the culture, heritage and economic development of Canada. Despite improvements
in Indigenous well-being in recent decades, significant gaps remain with the non-Indigenous
population. This study focuses on four priority issues to maximise the potential of
Indigenous economies in Canada. First, improving the quality of the statistical framework
and the inclusion of Indigenous peoples in the governance of data. Second, measures
to improve the fairness and transparency for how Indigenous peoples can secure land
tenure and the use of tools and such as land use planning to use it to promote community
economic development. Third, promoting entrepreneurship so Indigenous peoples can
use assets and resources in ways that align with their objectives for development.
Fourth, implementing an approach to governance that adapts policies to places, and
empowers Indigenous institutions and communities.