Frascati Manual 2015

Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development

The internationally recognised methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the OECD's Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians  and science and innovation policy makers worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling R&D statistics.  This updated edition contains improved guidelines reflecting recent changes in the way R&D takes place and is funded and the wider use of R&D statistics and definitions. It provides new chapters dedicated to the pratical aspects of collecting R&D data in different sectors, as well as new guidance on capturing different aspects of public support for R&D such as tax incentives.

Published on October 08, 2015Also available in: German, Spanish, French, Korean, Lithuanian, Polish

In series:The Measurement of Scientific, Technological and Innovation Activitiesview more titles


Abbreviations and acronyms
Introduction to R&D statistics and the Frascati Manual
Defining and measuring R&D: General guidance5 chapters available
Concepts and definitions for identifying R&D
Institutional sectors and classifications for R&D statistics
Measurement of R&D expenditures: Performance and sources of funds
Measurement of R&D personnel: Persons employed and external contributors
Measuring R&D: Methodologies and procedures
Measuring R&D: Sector-specific guidance5 chapters available
Business enterprise R&D
Government R&D
Higher education R&D
Private non-profit R&D
Measurement of R&D globalisation
Measuring government support for R&D2 chapters available
Government budget allocations for R&D
Measurement of government tax relief for R&D
Annexes3 chapters available
Brief History and Origins of the Present Manual
Glossary of terms
Powered by OECD iLibrary