Sustainable agriculture

Agri-environmental indicators



Agri environmental indicators test banner


Agriculture can have significant impacts, both negative and positive, on the environment-- on and off the farm. Negative impacts include pollution and degradation of soil, water and air. Agriculture can also provide ecosystem services, such as trapping greenhouse gases within crops and soils, or mitigating flood risks through the adoption of certain farming practices.

OECD countries have made significant progress in developing agri-environmental indicators (AEIs) to monitor these environmental impacts. As well as providing valuable evidence of the state and trends in the environmental performance of agriculture, AEIs support analysis to explain the effects of different policies on the environment, and to assess whether budgets for policies are used effectively in terms of environmental outcomes and economic efficiency.

Indicators and data

The Agri-environmental Indicators Database can be used to:

  • Describe the current state and trends of environmental conditions in agriculture that may require policy responses;
  • Highlight where “hotspots” or new challenges are emerging;
  • Compare trends in performance across time and between countries, especially to assist policy makers in meeting environmental targets, threshold levels and standards where these have been established by governments or international agreements;
  • Develop other types of indicators such as green growth indicators;
  • Be used for policy monitoring, evaluation and in projecting future trends.

Access the complete database



Organised by theme

Nitrogen balance


Phosphorus balance



agriculture land area

Agriculture land area

Canada geese migration

‌Farm birds index

red soil erosion

Soil erosion

Tractor 2

Ammonia, NOx and SOx emissions

Cows in a stable

Greenhouse gas emissions

Water quality test

Water quality

Biofuel energy transport

Energy use and biofuel production

Spraying pesticides

Pesticides sales

Water rushing through dam

Water resources


OECD countries



 Australia France_smallFrance  Korea Slovak Republic_small Slovak Republic
 Austria  Germany Latvia flag Latvia Slovenia_smallSlovenia
 Belgium  Greece Luxembourg_small Luxembourg  Spain_small Spain
 Canada  Hungary Mexico_small Mexico Sweden_small Sweden
 Chile_small Chile Iceland_small Iceland Netherlands_small Netherlands Switzerland_small Switzerland
 ‌ Czech Republic  ‌ Ireland New Zealand_small New Zealand Turkey_small Turkey
  Denmark   Israel  Norway_small Norway United Kingdom_small United Kingdom
 ‌ Estonia   Italy Poland_small Poland  United States
  Finland   Japan Portugal_small Portugal  

 Non-OECD countries




Consult previous databases here: 

Access the 2013 database


Access the 2008 database




Events, studies and results



Related work

Explore more OECD data, analysis and publications related to agri-environmental indicators.

Review other related work.



Contact us

For further questions about OECD work on Agri-environmental Indicators, please contact the OECD Trade & Agriculture Directorate. 


Related Documents