Greece has undergone extensive reforms to cope with a deep recession over the past
decade. It has made progress in decoupling air pollutant emissions from GDP and improving
the conservation status of natural habitats. However, the country faces challenges
in managing waste and water, and addressing air pollution. It is highly vulnerable
to the impact of climate change. The energy mix has shifted towards cleaner fuels,
but the economy strongly relies on fossil fuels. Progress towards sustainable development
requires effective implementation of ambitious climate mitigation and adaptation policies,
strengthening environmental governance and enhancing coherence between environmental
and energy, transport, agriculture and tourism policies.
This is the third Environmental Performance Review of Greece. It evaluates progress
towards sustainable development and green growth, with special features on climate
change mitigation and adaptation, and biodiversity conservation and sustainable use.
Note: GHG emissions excluding land use, land-use change and forestry. 2018: Preliminary data. 2050: emission reductions in the Long-term Strategy scenarios (LTS). From top to bottom: continuation of NECP measures after 2030; acceleration of NECP measures after 2030; with additional measures in a 2° scenario; with additional measures in a 1.5° scenario.
Source: MoEE (2019), Climate Change Emissions Inventory; MoEE (2019), National Energy and Climate Plan; MoEE (2020), Long-term Strategy to 2050.