Carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced by improving and extending the railway system. Tax rates on diesel are below the ones on gasoline in terms of carbon dioxide emissions and should be aligned to reflect environmental damage.Read more
The carbon intensity of Japan’s energy mix increased sharply following the 2011 nuclear accident. Reductions in greenhouse gas emissions should be achieved by placing a price on carbon through an emissions trading system or a carbon tax.Read more
France should pursue the development of an efficient environmental tax system, by aligning the tax structure for fossil fuels with their carbon emissions and other externalities.Read more
|Do environmental policies matter for productivity growth?
This study identifies and analyses some key challenges that OECD and partner economies may face over the coming 50 years if underlying global trends relating to growth, trade, inequality and environmental pressures prevail.
Recent working papers