OECD Environmental Performance Reviews: Portugal 2023
Portugal managed to decouple several environmental pressures from economic growth
over 2013-19. It played a leading role in the approval of the European Climate Law
and adopted the Portuguese Framework Climate Law in 2021. This needs to be swiftly
implemented to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, improve climate resilience and protect
ecosystems. Portugal has stepped up adaptation efforts but needs to do more to address
multiple threats, including coastal erosion, floods, droughts and forest fires. The
country is lagging behind in waste management. Meanwhile, the increase in freshwater
abstractions in water-scarce southern regions is a concern.
This is the fourth Environmental Performance Review of Portugal. It provides an evidence-based
assessment of the country's progress towards its environmental goals over the past
decade. The 26 recommendations aim to help Portugal improve its environmental performance,
giving special focus to carbon neutrality.