Gender inequalities persist in all areas of social and economic life and across countries.
Young women in OECD countries generally obtain more years of schooling than young
men, but women are less likely than men to engage in paid work. Gaps widen with age,
as motherhood typically has marked negative effects on gender pay gaps and career
advancement. Women are also less likely to be entrepreneurs, and are underrepresented
in private and public leadership positions.The 2013 and 2015 OECD Gender Recommendations
provide guidance on how to advance gender equality in education, employment, entrepreneurship
and public life; this book discusses recent developments in these areas in one overview
chapter and 24 short chapters which each include key findings and policy recommendations.
Topics include violence against women, gender budgeting, the unequal sharing of unpaid
work, labour market outcomes and migration. The book presents a range of indicators
illustrating gender gaps. It also discusses recent policy initiatives, such as pay
transparency measures to reduce gender wage gaps and policy reform aimed at fathers
taking parental leave. Overall, progress has been slow and there is a strong need
for further policy action to close gender gaps in education, employment, entrepreneurship
and public life.