PSE database



Agricultural policies are measures related to the domestic farm sector and trade in agricultural products. Agricultural policies address a wide range of issues, including providing sufficient food at reasonable prices for consumers, ensuring food safety and improving environmental quality. The OECD has developed agriculture support indicators that, despite this diversity, express policy measures with numbers in a comparable way across time and between countries.


Agricultural support

Agricultural support is defined as the annual monetary value of gross transfers to agriculture from consumers and taxpayers, arising from governments’ policies that support agriculture, regardless of their objectives and their economic impacts. The Percentage Total Support Estimate indicator (%TSE) represents the total of policy transfers to agricultural sector expressed as a share of GDP. The Percentage Producer Support Estimate (%PSE) represents policy transfers to agricultural producers, measured at the farm gate and expressed as a share of gross farm receipts. TSE transfers consist of transfers to agricultural producers (measured by the PSE), consumers (measured by the CSE) and support to general services to agricultural sector (measured by the GSSE). Transfers included in the PSE are composed of market price support, budgetary payments and the cost of revenue foregone by the government and other economic agents.


Producer protection

Producer protection, measured by the Producer Nominal Protection Coefficient (NPC) is defined as the ratio between the average price received by producers (measured at the farm gate), including net payments per unit of current output, and the border price (measured at the farm gate). For instance, an NPC of 1.10 suggests that farmers, overall, received prices that were 10% above international market levels.

OECD support indicator tables are complemented by the annual publication Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation, which analyses the agricultural policy developments of the OECD area and individual economies

» Read the full publication

» Read 4-page summary


Interactive data comparison 



Access the raw data

  • Overview tables - an overview of policy data and indicators for the OECD area and individual countries
  • Country files - individual policy measures and selected relative indicators for your country
  • Browsers - pivot tables to make cross-country comparisons and filter disaggregated policy-level data by commodity, policy implementation criteria and country


More information

  • Introduction to the PSE and related indicators
  • Overview of the main changes in the General Services Support Estimate (2014)
  • PSE Manual - a comprehensive explanation of concepts, calculation, interpretation and use of  the PSE and related indicators


Overview tables

You can consult the complete overview of policy data and indicators for the total OECD area, individual OECD economies and for other economies (Brazil, China, Colombia, Costa Rica,  Indonesia, Kazakhstan, the Philippines, Russian Federation, South Africa, Ukraine and Viet Nam) below.



Country files

Display individual policy measures and selected relative indicators data for each country (Excel) with definitions and sources for each (pdf). Please note that PSE information is provided for the European Union as a whole, although budgetary payments for individual EU member countries are available in the data file.

OECD economies

(published June 2018)

Other economies

(published June 2018)

Australia Data Definitions and sources   Brazil Data Definitions and sources
Canada Canada Data Definitions and sources   China P.R. Data Definitions and sources
Chile Data Definitions and sources   Colombia Data Definitions and sources
European Union Data Definitions and sources   Costa Rica Data Definitions and sources
Iceland Data Definitions and sources   Indonesia (Updated data for Indonesia is not available) Data Definitions and sources
Israel Data Definitions and sources   Kazakhstan Data Definitions and sources
Japan Data Definitions and sources     Philippines Data Definitions and sources
Korea Data Definitions and sources   Russia Data Definitions and sources
Mexico Data Definitions and sources   South Africa Data Definitions and sources
New Zealand Data Definitions and sources   Ukraine Data Definitions and sources 
Norway Data Definitions and sources     Viet Nam Data Definitions and sources 
Switzerland Data Definitions and sources          
Turkey Data Definitions and sources      (published 18 September 2018)    
United States Data Definitions and sources    India Data Definitions and sources




Use our pivot tables to compare countries and filter disaggregated policy-level data by commodity, policy implementation criteria and country.


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