OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews: Japan 2020
The OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC) conducts reviews of the individual
development co‑operation efforts of DAC members once every five to six years. DAC
peer reviews critically examine the overall performance of a given member, not just
that of its development co‑operation agency, covering its policy, programmes and systems.
They take an integrated, system‑wide perspective on the development co‑operation activities
of the member under review and its approach to fragility, crisis and humanitarian
Japan combines diplomatic, peace and development efforts to achieve sustainable development
and implements the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through a whole-of-society
approach. It values self-reliant development, country ownership and the mutual benefits
of development co-operation for Japan and its partner countries. Japan is recognised
as a global champion of disaster risk reduction. Increasing official development assistance
could strengthen Japan's leadership and commitment to the SDGs and a mechanism would
help ensure coherence between domestic policies and global sustainable development
objectives. Whole-of-government country policies would ensure synergies across Japan's
portfolio and it could be more explicit about how programmes reduce poverty. More
streamlined systems and procedures would make Japan a more agile donor.
A good practice excerpt from the peer review: a broad-based, whole-of-society approach to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
The SDGs Promotion Headquarters was established in May 2016 and is headed by the Prime Minister with participation of all members of Cabinet. SDGs Implementation Guiding Principles, agreed in December 2016, list domestic and international actions to deliver Japan’s eight priorities:
Empowerment of all people.
Achievement of good health and longevity.
Creating growth markets, revitalising rural areas and promoting science technology and innovation.
Sustainable and resilient land use, and promoting quality infrastructure.
Energy conservation, renewable energy, climate change countermeasures and a sound material-cycle society.
Conservation of the environment, including biodiversity, forests and the oceans.
Achieving peaceful, safe and secure societies.
Strengthening the means and frameworks for the implementation of the SDGs.
In 2018, Japan mobilised Hello Kitty to build understanding of, and support for, the SDGs amongst young and old in Japan, an approach which the United Nations subsequently took up in an effort to reach young people worldwide. In addition, Japan SDGs Awards are given to organisations – companies, local governments, schools, universities – who proactively promote the SDGs including domestic awareness-raising activities.