Environmental country reviews


  • Poland 2015

    Poland has combined robust economic growth with reducing some of the pressures on its environment since 2004. It now needs to lessen it's economy's reliance on fossil fuels and make growth greener.

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  • Spain 2015

    Spain has decreased the energy and carbon intensity of its economy, reduced industrial pollution and cut per-capita waste generation since 2000. Yet higher industrial output could put new pressure on the environment as the economy rebounds.

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  • Iceland 2014

    Iceland has one of the world’s most pristine natural environments and its glaciers, volcanoes and hot underground springs bring major economic benefits via renewable energy and tourism. Continued growth in power generation for aluminium smelting and in tourist numbers must be managed carefully to preserve these natural assets.

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The OECD Environmental Performance Review (EPR) programme has been helping member countries to improve their environmental management for 20 years.



Poland's economy remains one of the most resource- and carbon-intensive in the OECD. But the country can boast large, well-managed forests and recent environmental management initiatives. 

These Highlights contains major facts and graphs from the 2015 review of Poland. They are also in open access. 

Poland 2015: the report



data visualisation

Spain's environmentally related taxes have fallen and are among the lowest in the OECD, while taxes on labour have increased. 

Compare the data on our latest data visualisation: Spain 2015


More data visualisation on Iceland 2014,  Sweden 2014 and Colombia 2014, on the Country profiles and on the Data portal