Health policies and data

Antimicrobial Resistance


Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex issue of global concern with potentially dramatic health and economic consequences.

The OECD provides a forum for discussion and provide countries with the evidence to implement effective and cost-effective policies to tackle AMR, promote effective use of antimicrobials and incentivise research and development in the antibiotic sector.


European Antibiotic Awareness Day 2020 - November 18

Watch the video of Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, addressing European Antibiotic Awareness Day 2020.




EU Health Ministerial Meeting - Next steps towards making the EU a best practice region in combating AMR
Bucharest, Romania - March 1, 2019

The OECD, in collaboration with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, has produced a briefing note on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in the European Union and the European Economic Area. It presents key estimates of the health and economic impact of AMR and effective strategies to address this major public health threat:

Further information available at


Key documents on antimicrobial resistance


The G7 has consistently committed to tackling global health challenges, including the fight against infectious diseases, and positioned itself as a leading partner in reaching health-related Millennium Development Goals, by initiating and supporting many global instruments of response to threats posed by infectious diseases. The findings presented in this report show that there is a strong case for G7 action in the area of AMR.


Read the note prepared for the G20 by OECD along with WHO, FAO and OIE, on potential strategies to tackle antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and ensure sustainable research and development (R&D) for new antibiotics. The note calls for action based on a coordinated and cross-sectoral approach under the ‘One Health’ framework, highlights the urgent need to address barriers to innovation and suggests policy and governance mechanisms to reactivate the antibiotic R&D pipeline.

In the Hamburg G20 declaration, leaders called for a new R&D Collaboration Hub and committed to further examine practical market incentive options, in collaboration with relevant experts including from the OECD and the WHO.

FURTHER information

OECD, with its distinctive cross-sectoral expertise and its global outreach, is placed in a unique position to help countries in tackling AMR. OECD’s economic expertise includes such diverse areas as health, technological innovation and agriculture. We provide a forum for discussion and provide countries with the evidence to implement effective and cost-effective policies to tackle AMR, promote effective use of antimicrobials and incentivize research and development in the antibiotic sector. More specifically:

1) in close collaboration with Member Countries and EU Institutions, OECD is undertaking a health economic evaluation to identify the most cost-effective strategies to tackle AMR in humans by promoting rational use of antimicrobials and prevent the spread of resistant infections

2) as part of the background work for the 2017 OECD Health Ministerial meeting, OECD has assessed the level of implementation of policy actions to promote effective use of antimicrobials in member countries and have collected evidence about best practices across OECD.


For more information, please contact

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