OECD Digital Education Outlook 2021

Pushing the Frontiers with Artificial Intelligence, Blockchain and Robots

How might digital technology and notably smart technologies based on artificial intelligence (AI), learning analytics, robotics, and others transform education? This book explores such question. It focuses on how smart technologies currently change education in the classroom and the management of educational organisations and systems. The book delves into beneficial uses of smart technologies such as learning personalisation, supporting students with special learning needs, and blockchain diploma credentialing. It also considers challenges and areas for further research. The findings offer pathways for teachers, policy makers, and educational institutions to digitalise education while optimising equity and inclusivity.

Published on June 08, 2021Also available in: French

view previous editions


Executive Summary
Frontiers of smart education technology: Opportunities and challenges
Artificial intelligence in education: Bringing it all together
Personalisation of learning: Towards hybrid human-AI learning technologies
Improving student engagement in and with digital learning technologies
Classroom analytics: Zooming out from a pupil to a classroom
Serving students with special needs better: How digital technology can help
Social Robots as educators
Learning analytics for school and system management
Early warning systems and indicators of dropping out of upper secondary school: the emerging role of digital technologies
Game-based assessment for education
Blockchain for Education: A New Credentialing Ecosystem
Powered by OECD iLibrary