The COVID-19 pandemic hit the economy hard, provoking a marked downturn. Economic activity tumbled as sanitary restrictions restrained consumption and investment. Workers and households with weaker attachment to employment tended to be most affected. However, robust government support and the reopening of the economy led to a partial bounceback. Growth is on course to regain momentum, supported by macroeconomic policies and progress in vaccination.
The re-introduction and expansion of the fourth state of emergency in July held back the economic recovery. Significant progress in vaccination and falling rates of infection are now supporting the resumption of stronger consumption growth and lifting investment, as supply chain disruptions are resolved. A new economic policy package will boost activity. As a result, the economy is projected to grow by 1.8% in 2021, 3.4% in 2022 and 1.1% in 2023.
Mindful of the strong population ageing already underway, the COVID-19 recovery strategy needs to enhance labour force participation and spur business dynamism. Moreover, significant potential to expand use of digital technologies, in both the public and the private sector as well as education, should be seized.
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2021 Structural Reform Priorities