Multi-dimensional Review of El Salvador
Strategic Priorities for Robust, Inclusive and Sustainable Development
El Salvador has made significant development progress in the past 30 years. The end
of the civil war in 1992 marked the establishment of a liberal democracy and an open
export-led development model, which led to a reduction in poverty and inequality.
However, with economic growth averaging a modest 2.4% in the years before the COVID-19
pandemic, and productivity growth of 0.1% over the past decade, the post-war model
has not generated the economic momentum or the jobs that the country needs. Decisive
action is necessary to kickstart more robust, inclusive and sustainable development.
Based on a multi-dimensional analysis of development in El Salvador, this report makes
four priority recommendations: 1) build the conditions for a productive transformation
and modernisation of the economy; 2) increase the quantity, quality and relevance
of education; 3) manage water resources better to deliver water and sanitation for
all in a sustainable manner; and 4) modernise the State so it can effectively deliver
key public goods, from security to education to health, and successfully steer the
next stage in the country’s development.
Published on April 18, 2023Also available in: Spanish
In series:OECD Development Pathwaysview more titles