Development Centre


Man Enough? Measuring Masculine Norms to Promote Women’s Empowerment

Masculinities can either support or hinder women’s empowerment and greater gender equality. However, a lack of consistent and comparable data hinders efforts to understand and assess harmful, restrictive masculinities. This report identifies and describes ten norms of restrictive masculinities to be urgently addressed within the political, economic and private spheres. Alongside these norms the report highlights gender-equitable alternatives, which support women’s empowerment in practice. By mapping available and ideal indicators, the report provides a roadmap for efforts to measure changing norms of masculinities. In doing so, this report aims to support policies to transform masculinities by facilitating the creation of more and better data on masculine norms.

Published on March 08, 2021

In series:Social Institutions and Gender Indexview more titles


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
What are masculinities?
Masculinities and women’s empowerment in the economic and political spheres
Masculinities and women’s empowerment in the private sphere 
Measuring progress towards gender-equitable masculinities 
Data sources and country/territory coverage
Powered by OECD iLibrary