Triangular co-operation is when countries, international organisations, civil society, private sector, private philanthropy and others work together to co-create flexible, cost-effective and innovative solutions for reaching the sustainable development goals (SDGs).
Triangular co-operation makes up a small, but growing proportion of overall Official Development Assistance (ODA). We work with partners to gather evidence on its potential for accelerating sustainable development in developing countries.
How does triangular co-operation work?
At the OECD we see the combination of three roles, which may revolve throughout the implementation of the initiative, as the common denominator in triangular initiatives:
The beneficiary partner seeks support to tackle a specific development challenge;
The pivotal partner has proven experience in the issue, and shares its resources, knowledge and expertise;
The facilitating partner helps connect the beneficiary and the pivotal partners, supporting their collaboration financially and technically.
The roles may change throughout the life of a project.
There can be several actors at each edge of the triangle.
Those actors may be representing countries, international organisations, civil society, private sector, trade unions or private philanthrophy.