The OECD Anti-Bribery Convention establishes legally binding standards to criminalise bribery of foreign public officials in international business transactions and provides for a host of related measures that make this effective. It is the first and only international anti-corruption instrument focused on the ‘supply side’ of the bribery transaction.
Text of the Convention
This booklet contains the official text and commentaries of the 1997 Convention, the 2009 Recommendation of the Council for Further Combating Bribery, the 2009 Recommendation on the Tax Deductibility of Bribes to Foreign Public Officials and other related instruments:
Unofficial translations which do not include the May 2011 updates to the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises section on combating bribery, bribe solicitation and extortion are also available:
The 2009 Anti-Bribery Recommendation
Parties to the Anti-Bribery Convention have agreed to put in place new measures that will reinforce their efforts to prevent, detect and investigate foreign bribery with the adoption of the OECD Recommendation for Further Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions.
2019 Review - Destined to further strengthen the Convention, the Working Group on Bribery is currently conducting a review of the 2009 Recommendation. The review is scheduled for completion in 2021.
KEY DATES & FIGURES
17 December 1997: Signature of the Convention
15 February 1999: Entry into force of the Convention
44 Signatories: All OECD countries and 7 non-OECD countries
The 37 OECD countries and 7 non-OECD countries - Argentina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Costa Rica, Peru, Russia and South Africa - have adopted this Convention.
IMPLEMENTATION & ENFORCEMENT
The Convention itself establishes an open-ended, peer-driven monitoring mechanism to ensure the thorough implementation of the international obligations that countries have taken on under the Convention. This monitoring is carried out by the OECD Working Group on Bribery. The country monitoring reports contain recommendations formed from rigorous examinations of each country.
OECD WORKING GROUP ON BRIBERY
The OECD Working Group on Bribery in International Business Transactions is responsible for monitoring the implementation and enforcement of the OECD Anti-Bribery Convention, the 2009 Recommendation and related instruments. The Working Group is made up of representatives from the States Parties to the Convention and meets regularly.
Learn more about the Working Group