Science, technology and innovation policy

Intellectual property (IP) statistics and analysis



Intellectual property (IP) rights aim to stimulate innovation by enabling inventors to appropriate the returns on their investments. IP also plays an important role in the creation, dissemination and use of new knowledge for further innovation, as contained in the inventions disclosed in patent documents.

The changing landscape of innovation, the globalisation of markets and the fragmentation of production value chains, as well as the emergence of new players are changing the way market actors use IP rights and policy-makers understand rights and their role. The context in which IP currently operates is very different from the one in which IP rights were conceived. IP systems are undergoing continuous changes as they seek to optimise the balance between private and social benefits to contribute to economic growth and the welfare of societies.

Methodological work and publications  |  IP data  |  IP statistics task force

World corporate top R&D investors

World corporate top R&D investors: Paving the way for climate neutrality

This report sheds light on the innovative activities of top 2000 R&D investors worldwide, and the way they contribute to shape the development of future technologies, by looking at their Intellectual Property (IP) portfolios. The fourth edition focuses on the role that top R&D investors play in the development and commercialisation of new climate change mitigation or adaptation technologies. It proposes for the first time an analysis of climate-related trademarks, which complement patent data on climate-related technologies.

The report is the result of long-lasting collaboration between the Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) of the OECD and the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (EC-JRC). The original data on which the report relies are available at the link below.



Methodological work and publications

A series of methodological documents have been published to help design and interpret IP-related statistics in an accurate manner.

The OECD Patent Statistics Manual (2009) capitalises on new patent statistics and promotes the harmonisation of methodologies. It addresses issues regarding the complexity of patent data and provides statisticians and analysts with guidelines for building and analysing patent-related indicators. The manual is available in English, French and Spanish.

IP data

Patent-related indicators are available at OECD.Stat (Science, Technology and Patents). Selected indicators on patents, trademarks and design are presented in the OECD STI Scoreboard

The OECD/STI Micro-data Lab contains records on IP rights documents from several administrative sources encompassing patents, trademarks and design rights. While patent data mainly rely on the Worldwide Statistical Patent Database (PATSTAT) maintained by the EPO, trademarks and design registrations are gathered from different IP offices (IP Australia, JPO, OHIM, USPTO).

Several patent-related dataset are made available to researchers upon request (from a secure password-protected server). The datasets can be used as a complement to other existing patent data sets (e.g. PATSTAT). Please fill in this short online form to get access to the data:

  • OECD Patent Quality Indicators Database (series of indicators capturing the technological and economic value of EPO and USPTO patents)
  • OECD Triadic Patent Families Database (set of patents jointly filed at EPO, JPO and USPTO)
  • OECD REGPAT Database (EPO and PCT patents by regions)
  • OECD Citations Database (references to patent and non-patent literature cited in EPO, USPTO or PCT patents)
  • OECD HAN database (harmonised patent applicants’ names)


Conference on IP statistics for decision makers

The goal of the IP Statistics for Decision Makers (IPSDM) conference was to discuss how intellectual property data, statistics and analysis can be used to inform decision-makers in both the public and private sectors, and to identify key information needs and possible shortcomings.

The conference also shared cutting-edge knowledge on topics relevant to policy-makers, academics, companies and practitioners.

The 2018 IPSDM conference was held in Alicante, Spain, on 23-24 October, co-organised by the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) and the OECD. For the first time, the IPSDM conference featured a “Big Data Analytics” challenge: the winning teams produced two on-line platforms: 

InnovationPulse® that helps decision makers to keep up with tech companies and emerging technologies, and

Global Patent Explorer that enables to map and visualise inventive and innovative activity worldwide using novel indicators.


IP statistics task force

Project activities are conducted in close co-operation with the members of the IP Statistics Task Force, which gathers representatives from:


Related Documents