Anti-corruption and integrity in the public sector


Lobbyists, Governments and Public Trust, Volume 3

Implementing the OECD Principles for Transparency and Integrity in Lobbying

This report takes stock of progress made in implementing the 2010 Recommendation on Principles for Transparency and Integrity in Lobbying – the only international instrument addressing major risks in the public decision-making process related to lobbying. The review process found that although there is an emerging consensus on the need for transparency to shed light on lobbying, new regulations are often scandal-driven instead of forward looking. In countries that have regulations in place, the degree of transparency in lobbying varies considerably across OECD members. Moving forward, it will be essential for countries to focus efforts on the implementation of the Recommendation, in order to strengthen confidence in the public decision-making process and restore trust in government. It will also be crucial to strengthen the implementation of the wider integrity framework, as it is the prime tool for safeguarding transparency and integrity in the decision-making process in general and lobbying practices in particular.

Published on November 27, 2014


Foreword and Acknowledgments
Executive Summary
Survey methodologies
Lobbying practices, the public decision-making process and citizens’ trust in government5 chapters available
Lobbying risks in the decision-making process
Balancing scope and feasibility of lobbying rules and guidelines
Transparency in lobbying activities
Integrity in public decision making
Compliance and enforcement: Making transparency and integrity in lobbying a reality
Country case studies11 chapters available
Austria: The transparency act 2013 for lobbying and interest representation
Brazil: Lobby regulation, transparency and democratic governance
Canada: How the federal lobbying act has matured
Chile: Regulation of lobbying
The EU Transparency Register: Increasing the transparency of interest representation in Brussels
Hungary: In quest of an appropriate legal framework for lobby regulation
Ireland: Proposals for registering lobbying activities
Italy: The regulation of lobbying and the evolution of a cultural taboo
Mexico: The regulation of lobbying in the legislative branch
Slovenia: The regulation of lobbying in place and the challenge of implementation
United Kingdom: Developing lobbying regulation in an open government context
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Main findings

Two in five OECD countries have acted to tighten lobbying standards but the degree of transparency in lobbying still varies considerably from country to country.
New regulations are too often adopted in response to a lobbying scandal rather than in a forward-thinking way that could prevent problems.
The practice of “revolving doors”, where staff can slip between related public and private sectors, threatens the integrity of public decision-making. Only a third of OECD countries have restrictions on hiring lobbyists for regulatory or advisory posts in government.