Climate change


Accelerating Climate Action

Refocusing Policies through a Well-being Lens

This report builds on the OECD Well-being Framework and applies a new perspective that analyses synergies and trade-offs between climate change mitigation and broader goals such as health, education, jobs, as well as wider environmental quality and the resources needed to sustain our livelihoods through time. This report takes an explicitly political economy approach to the low-emissions transitions needed across five economic sectors (electricity, heavy industry, residential, surface transport, and agriculture) that are responsible for more than 60% of global greenhouse gas emissions. Synergies between emissions reduction and broader well-being objectives, such as reduced air pollution and improved health, increase the incentives for early mitigation action. At the same time, the impact of climate policies on issues such as the affordability of energy and jobs need to be taken into account to counter growing economic and social inequalities within and between countries. The report argues that reframing climate policies using a well-being lens is necessary for making visible such synergies and trade-offs; allowing decision-makers to increase the former and anticipate, manage and minimise the latter. This requires us to rethink societal goals in terms of well-being, reframe our measures of progress and refocus policy-making accordingly.

Published on September 20, 2019Also available in: French


Executive summary
Increasing incentives for climate action using a well-being lens
Rethinking societal goals, refocusing measures of progress5 chapters available
Catalysing change through a sustainable electricity sector
Moving to sustainable industrial production
Building sustainable dwellings, neighbourhoods and communities
Delivering accessible and sustainable mobility
Creating a sustainable food system
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