Environment Directorate


Extended Producer Responsibility

Updated Guidance for Efficient Waste Management

This report updates the 2001 Guidance Manual for Governments on Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR), which provided a broad overview of the key issues, general considerations, and the potential benefits and costs associated with producer responsibility for managing the waste generated by their products put on the market. Since then, EPR policies to help improve recycling and reduce landfilling have been widely adopted in most OECD countries; product coverage has been expanded in key sectors such as packaging, electronics, batteries and vehicles; and EPR schemes are spreading in emerging economies in Asia, Africa and South America, making it relevant to address the differing policy contexts in developing countries.   In light of all of the changes in the broader global context, this updated review of the guidelines looks at some of the new design and implementation challenges and opportunities of EPR policies, takes into account recent efforts undertaken by governments to better assess the cost and environmental effectiveness of EPR and its overall impact on the market, and addresses some of the specific issues in emerging market economies.

Published on September 20, 2016Also available in: French


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Overview and updated guidance2 chapters available
Extended producer responsibility – an overview
Towards more effective producer responsibility
Analysis and key issues4 chapters available
Governance issues and extended producer responsibility
Competition and extended producer responsibility
Incentives for eco-design in extended producer responsibility
Extended producer responsibility and the informal sector
Annexes11 chapters available
Television and computer recycling in Australia
EPR for used tyres in Flanders (Belgium)
EPR for waste of electric and electronic equipment in Canada
China's e-waste treatment fund
EPR schemes in Colombia
20 years of EPR in France: Achievements, lessons learned and challenges ahead
EPR for used rechargeable batteries in Japan
Recycling of electronic home appliances in Japan
The EPR for packaging waste in Japan
EPR in Korea
Electronics EPR in the United States
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