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Labour statistics

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  • Labour force statistics

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.

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  • Unemployment rate

    A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.

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  • Labour market situation

    Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.

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What's new

OECD unemployment rate stable at 4.9% in September 2022 close to the record low

10 Nov 2022 – The unemployment rate in the OECD was stable in September 2022, at 4.9%, slightly above its lowest point since the start of the series in 2001 (4.8%) recorded in July 2022 (Figure 1, Table 1). This rate was 0.4 percentage point below its pre-pandemic level (Figure 2). The number of unemployed workers in the OECD decreased slightly, to 33 million.

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Behind the numbers 

 

Further statistics on the labour market

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