Labour statistics

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  • Labour force statistics

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.

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  • Unemployment rate

    A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.

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  • Labour market situation

    Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.

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What's new

Unemployment rate in the OECD area falls further to 5.5% in November 2021

18 Jan 2022 – The monthly unemployment rate in the OECD area fell to 5.5% in November 2021, from 5.7% in October, extending the trend of reducing unemployment rates into a seventh consecutive month. However, it remained 0.2 percentage point above the pre-pandemic rate recorded in February 2020. The number of unemployed workers across the OECD area also continued to fall, by 1.1 million, reaching 36.9 million, which was still 1.5 million above the pre-pandemic level. 


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Further statistics on the labour market

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