Labour statistics

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  • Labour force statistics

    The International Labour Organisation (ILO) considers people of working age to be in one (and one only) of three situations in the labour market: employed, unemployed, or inactive. The employed and unemployed together are known as the labour force.

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  • Unemployment rate

    A closely watched indicator is the unemployment rate (the number of unemployed as a percentage of the labour force). The unemployment rate tracks what economists call “labour slack” – the match between the jobs on offer in an economy and the number of people seeking to work – and is a key indicator of a society’s economic and social well-being.

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  • Labour market situation

    Labour force data are typically analysed by gender, age group (youth, prime age, older). They are also frequently broken down in many other ways for specific policy purposes: by economic sector, by occupation, by level of education, full- and part-time workers, the short- and long-term unemployed.

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What's new

Unemployment rate in the OECD declines slightly to 5% in April 2022

 Unemployment rates
Percentage, seasonally adjusted 

OECD unemployment rate

9 June  2022 – The unemployment rate in the OECD fell further to 5.0% in April 2022, from 5.1% in March. This continues a positive trend for the OECD, which has now recorded 12 months of falling unemployment. 


Behind the numbers 


Further statistics on the labour market

Related labour topics