Directorate for Employment, Labour and Social Affairs
Embracing a One Health Framework to Fight Antimicrobial Resistance
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) – the ability of microbes to resist antimicrobials
– remains an alarming global health threat. This is despite the efforts made by OECD
and EU/EEA countries to curtail it. Unless additional effective interventions are
scaled up quickly, AMR rates are forecasted to increase in the next three decades
across OECD and EU/EEA countries, with costs exceeding the healthcare expenditure
on the COVID-19 pandemic. Using microsimulation and machine-learning techniques, this
report analyses critical policy levers to inform the next generation of AMR initiatives.
It shows that tackling the detrimental health and economic impact of AMR requires
embracing a One Health framework – a collaborative, trans-disciplinary and multi-sectoral
approach that promotes close co-operation and collaboration across human health, animal
health, agrifood systems and the environment. This report identifies 11 One Health
“best buys” that, if implemented systematically, would improve population health,
reduce health expenditure and generate positive returns for the economy.
On the European Antibiotic Awareness Day (EAAD) 2023, the OECD released a new Policy Brief presenting key findings of the latest OECD analysis on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) - Embracing a One Health Framework to Fight Antimicrobial Resistance - for the European Union (EU)/European Economic Area (EEA) countries. The EAAD is part of the World AMR Awareness Week (18-24 November) that aims to improve awareness and understanding of this public health threat caused by the ability of microbes to resist antimicrobials.
Explore the results produced by the OECD SPHeP NCDs and AMR models and find out more about the burden of alcohol, obesity and AMR in your country and on the policies which could significantly improve health outcomes. For more information see the 'About' section