Global trends

Private Philanthropy for Development

Providing open, free, comparable and reliable data on ‌philanthropy is at the heart of the OECD’s contribution to the 2030 Agenda.

Volume 1

Over 140 foundations participated in the first edition of the survey Private Philanthropy for Development. This resulted in the launch of an open database, with grants and projects representing USD 24 billion of funding between 2013 and 2015, and a flagship report Private Philanthropy for Development. This report calls into question long-held assumptions about the volume, nature and potential of foundations’ engagement in developing countries, and the role they can play to support the SDGs. It presents ground-breaking data and analysis that capture previously non-existent global and comparable quantitative and qualitative data on how foundations support development. The report examines philanthropic resource flows for development purposes, as well as foundations’ priorities, practices and partnering behaviours. It presents fresh perspectives and action-oriented recommendations to optimise philanthropy’s role in support of sustainable development. This report offers practical insights for government policy makers and decision makers in civil society organisations, social enterprises and foundations. It results from close co-operation between the OECD Development Centre’s Network of Foundations Working for Development (netFWD) and the OECD Development Co-operation Directorate.

* Provided by OECD Development Co-operation Directorate


Volume 2


In addition to gathering an updated and comprehensive dataset on philanthropic flows from 200 largest foundations active in global development, the second edition of the survey and report will feature:

•    analysis of foundations’ mid-term strategies to support post-Covid-19 economic and social recovery
•    a foresight exercise to identify future priorities for philanthropy in light of the 2030 Agenda
•    a special focus on how foundations are leveraging, influencing and learning to best contribute to sustainable and inclusive development in the post-COVID era

Please contact for more information.

Country studies

Domestic philanthropy in emerging countries

Philanthropy for development is rising in emerging markets, and reliable information will help understand its scope, scale and effectiveness. The OECD Centre on Philanthropy is carrying out primary research on what foundations are contributing to in emerging economies.

India's Private Giving: Unpacking Domestic Philanthropy and Corporate Social Responsibility


India is the largest recipient of financing from international foundations (OECD, 2018), yet little is known about domestic philanthropy. The OECD has compiled information from some of the largest organisations in India to start charting how these resources are advancing the country's development agenda.

The report describes the results from a survey of 50 organisations, showing how domestic philanthropy surpasses international philanthropy in scope and scale, and how it allocates it’s resources in different areas and geographies in India, drawing comparisons with other key sources of finance like Official Development Assistance and public social spending. This information will enable foundations and companies alike to align their work better, in order to achieve a higher impact by scaling-up their programs and grants through networks of partnerships.

The report and latest data on philanthropy and CSR in India are both freely available.

A PDF of the report is available here to download.

Download dataset (.xls) available here.


Sectoral studies

Sectoral studies

Philanthropy is at the forefront of financing innovative approaches to social challenges. The OECD Centre on Philanthropy is conducting reviews of initiatives financed by philanthropy in multiple areas to find best practices and lessons that other donors, governments and the private sector can put in practice.


Philanthropy for social emotional learning


The evidence is clear: social-emotional dimensions of child development are crucial determinants of life outcomes beyond educational attainment. Growing evidence that soft skills go hand in hand with education outcomes makes them a promising avenue for improving the overall quality of schooling. However, the ways that these skills can be improved through educational programmes remains an open question.

Both in developed and developing countries, foundations are pioneering programmes aimed to help children develop and thrive through social-emotional learning (SEL) over the past few years. Philanthropic and non-profit organisations have accrued key experiences in financing and implementing SEL initiatives, improving the evidence for their effectiveness, and making them find space within education policy.

The OECD Centre on Philanthropy will survey such foundations and implementers of these programmes to better understand their potential.

For more information, please contact

Education Philanthropy in the midst of COVID-19


The OECD study on Philanthropy for Development: Education Giving in the midst of Covid-19 will shed light on the effects of the COVID-19 crisis on education donors’ giving modalities, theories of change and programming in education. With lockdowns, and school closures, the COVID-19 emergency has generated new and urgent demands from education stakeholders. With a rapidly evolving situation, many philanthropic donors are making quick disbursements of funds, redirecting committed resources to new issues, and in some cases, redefining their mid- and long-term strategies. However, the lack of reliable information has limited donors’ potential to engage, collaborate and co-fund education initiatives to address the COVID-19 pandemic.

The survey and report will map national education priorities in low- and middle-income countries and highlight opportunities and recommendations for foundations active in the education space. Qualitative data and insights from this analysis will feed into the COVID-19 section of the upcoming OECD global survey and report on Private Philanthropy for Development. It will also inform a broader online policy dialogue with representatives from philanthropy, official development assistance and governments from the global South.

This study is led by the OECD Centre on Philanthropy, in close partnership the Education Working Group of the OECD Network of Foundations Working for Development (netFWD) and the OECD Directorate for Education and Skills.

Preliminary results will be shared and discussed during two online meetings in October and December 2020.

For more information, please contact Laura Abadia :