OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Kuwait 2021
The slowdown in market demand for oil is putting increasing pressure on Kuwait's current
economic and social model. This model is based on the distribution of petroleum export
proceeds to Kuwaiti citizens, with relatively limited long-term investment in knowledge
production and the upgrading of the national innovation capacity.
The transition towards a knowledge-based society – where value creation, the resolution
of societal challenges and the well-being of society at large will be based on the
production, diffusion and implementation of knowledge – is becoming an imperative.
This is recognised within the national development strategy which formulates the objective
of attaining 'Smart Kuwait' by 2035.
Such a transition is challenging and can only be achieved through the build-up of
appropriate governance of the STI system with adequate institutions such as a Ministry
and a professional agency with a mandate for research and innovation. This set-up
should help raise awareness and reduce barriers to innovation, reinforce the scientific
research base, develop the support for business innovation, foster knowledge diffusion
and co‑creation between science and industry, build up the human capital needed, and
establish the role of science, technology and innovation in tackling Kuwait's societal
Published on December 10, 2021
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