Acceder a esta página en español: Declaración de Punta del Este - Un llamado a fortalecer la acción contra la evasión fiscal y la corrupción
In November 2018, ministers and deputy ministers of Latin American member countries met on the margin of the Global Forum plenary meeting held in Punta del Este, Uruguay, to discuss how best to use exchange of information to fight tax fraud and corruption.
As a conclusion of the meeting, the Punta del Este Declaration was signed. Signatories agreed to lead by example in tackling illicit financial flows through increased international tax co-operation. As a result, concrete steps to tackle tax evasion and other financial crimes were included in the Declaration, such as:
In November 2019, a ministerial meeting hosted by the Secretary General of the OECD was held in advance of the Global Forum 10th anniversary plenary meeting. It marked the first anniversary of the Declaration and provided ministers and high-level officials from signatory jurisdictions with an opportunity to reflect on progress made since the adoption of the Declaration, present their National Action Plans to implement their commitments, and discuss next steps for closer regional co-operation to increase tax transparency and tackle tax evasion. Participants agreed to hold a high-level meeting in the second half of 2020 at which they would report back on the actions contained in their National Action Plans and explore further how to implement the objectives of the Declaration.
The first edition of the progress report Tax Tranparency in Latin America was published in July 2021. The report, the first of its kind dedicated to the issue of tax transparency in Latin America, is a key output of the Punta del Este Declaration. It will be published annually to inform decision makers and citizens on where the region stands, and the concrete progress made by Latin American countries on tax transparency.
Mr Oscar Orué Ortiz, Vice Minister of Taxation, Under-Secretariat of State for Taxation of Paraguay, currently chairs the Latin America Initiative and Mr Luis Carlos Reyes Hernández, Director General, National Directorate of Taxes and Customs of Colombia, serves as Vice-chair.
When signing the Punta Del Este Declaration, Latin-American countries agreed to tackle illicit financial flows beyond tax evasion and explore the use of information provided through exchange of tax information channels for other purposes, such as the fight of money laundering, corruption and other financial crimes, as permitted under the Convention on Mutual Administrative Assistance in Tax Matters (Convention) and domestic laws.
A framework for the wider use of the information exchanged through the Convention was therefore developed by the Global Forum Secretariat. It includes two model agreements for implementing wider use: one between competent authorities and another between the tax administrations and the other domestic law enforcement agencies for which the treaty-exchanged information would be useful. To properly ensure that the treaty-exchanged information is handled and used in accordance with the Convention's confidentiality provisions, the framework also includes a series of trainings for tax and non-tax law enforcement agencies on confidentiality and data safeguards.
The implementation of these model agreements and trainings will be carried out through a pilot project, currently made up of five Latin American countries : Argentina, Costa Rica and Paraguay, which signed it in November 2022, and Brazil and Colombia, which signed it in June 2023. The pilot project is open to any other Global Forum member wishing to participate.
» Punta del Este Declaration (english/español)
» Tax Transparency in Latin America 2023 (June 2023)
» Tax Transparency in Latin America 2022 (May 2022)
» Tax Transparency in Latin America 2021 (July 2021)