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Regional, rural and urban development

Subnational Climate-Expenditure Tracking

 

Assessing the financial role of subnational governments in the carbon-neutral transition


The Subnational Climate-Expenditure Tracking is an essential tool for assessing the financial role of subnational governments in the carbon-neutral transition in light of global, national and subnational climate objectives. However, despite the key role of subnational governments in climate action, the true scale of their financial role remains poorly understood and significant data gaps related to methodological difficulties exist.

The OECD established a pioneering, standardised methodology for tracking climate-related public expenditure and investment in OECD and EU countries, as part of the OECD-EC project "Measuring and Enhancing Subnational Government Finance for Environment and Climate Action in OECD and EU Countries".

Based on this methodology, the Subnational Government Climate Finance Database has been developed, covering data for 33 OECD and EU countries from 2001 to 2019, as well as a Working Paper on Subnational Government Climate Expenditure and Revenue Tracking in OECD and EU Countries.

 

Key outputs 


    

 

Subnational Government Climate Finance Database

Subnational Government Climate Expenditure and Revenue Tracking in OECD and EU Countries

The database includes data on subnational government climate-significant expenditure and investment for 33 OECD and EU countries from 2001 to 2019. Data was collected using a standardised methodology, initially developed in 2018 by the OECD and updated as part of the joint OECD-European Commission project, based on national accounts data.

Database 

This OECD working paper, prepared as part of the joint OECD-European Commission project on “Financing Climate Action in Regions and Cities”, presents a pilot methodology for tracking, measuring, and comparing subnational government climate-significant expenditure and investment in OECD and EU countries based on national accounts data. It also includes an analysis of the data collected and a stocktake of existing climate finance tracking initiatives.

Working paper 

 

Key data on subnational government climate finance


In 2019, subnational governments accounted for 63% of climate-significant public expenditure in 33 OECD and EU countries on average (or 1.1% of GDP) and 69% of climate-significant public investment in 32 OECD and EU countries (or 0.4% of GDP).

 

 

 

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