English, PDF, 335kb
Japan has been ageing rapidly due to improvements in life expectancy and low fertility rates. This challenges the financial sustainability, solvency and adequacy of the pension system.
English, PDF, 358kb
Trends towards increasing non-standard employment may pose challenges for the Czech pension system, as some of these workers are at risk of low pension entitlements and the financial sustainability of public pensions is undermined.
English, PDF, 344kb
Latvia faces high levels of income inequality and poverty. The tax and redistribution system only partially alleviates inequalities resulting from market incomes. Long-term unemployment and inadequate minimum social protection drive poverty among the working-age population.
English, PDF, 354kb
Sweden’s government has reinvigorated the country’s long standing commitment to gender budgeting, taking into account the effects on gender equality when making decisions on the direction and distribution of resources and work is under way to strengthen gender-responsive budgeting efforts.
English, PDF, 564kb
The national unemployment rate in Sweden has fallen to less than 7%, but this aggregate number hides important regional disparities which are partly due to inadequate or mismatched skills. To reduce these imbalances, Sweden needs to enhance the engagement of employers at the local level, strengthen regional skills planning, and inject more flexibility in the management of employment and skills policies.
English, PDF, 345kb
22% of Mexican youth were not in employment, education or training (NEET) in 2015, the fifth highest rate in the OECD.
English, PDF, 377kb
All OECD countries, except the United States, provide nationwide paid maternity leave. Over half also offer paternity leave to fathers right after childbirth. By enabling fathers to take on a greater share of the childcare burden, parental leave can support women’s careers.
English, PDF, 349kb
Income inequality in Costa Rica is high by international standards and, in contrast with most other Latin American countries, it has increased in recent years.
English, PDF, 367kb
Income inequality in Brazil has steadily decreased since the early 2000s. Further progress in reducing inequality requires a policy package built on three pillars: promoting inclusive employment, improving the redistributive effectiveness of the tax and benefit system and investing more into education and skills.
English, PDF, 355kb
To achieve greater gender equality in employment and more inclusive growth, Japan needs to change the workplace culture and ensure that the tax and social security systems do not reduce work incentives for second earners in households.