By Date

  • 3-February-2021


    The Digital Transformation of SMEs

    Despite potentially tremendous benefits, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) lag in the digital transformation. Emerging technologies, as diverse as they are, offer a range of applications for them to improve performance and overcome the size-related limitations they face in doing business. However, SMEs must be better prepared, and stakes are high. SMEs make the most of the industrial fabric in many countries and regions, they create jobs (most jobs sometimes) and are the cement of inclusive and sustainable societies. The SME digital gap has increased inequalities among people, places and firms, and there are concerns that the benefits of the digital transformation could accrue to early adopters, further broadening these inequalities. Enabling SME digitalisation has become a top policy priority in OECD countries and beyond. The report looks at recent trends in SME digital uptake, including in the context of the COVID-19 crisis. It focuses on issues related to digital security, online platforms, blockchain ecosystems, and artificial intelligence. The report identifies opportunities, risks of not going digital, and barriers to adoption. It looks to concrete policy action taken worldwide to speed the SME transformation and raises a series of considerations to advance the SME digital policy agenda.
  • 28-January-2021


    Global insurance market trends

    This annual report analyses insurance market statistics collected by the OECD to monitor the insurance industry’s overall performance and health. It covers all OECD countries plus selected Asian, African and Latin American countries.

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  • 26-January-2021


    Regulatory Approaches to the Tokenisation of Assets

    This report examines regulatory and policy developments in the area of asset tokenisation and latest developments in the market for tokenised assets.

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  • 26-janvier-2021


    Financement climatique fourni et mobilisé par les pays développés en 2013-2018

    Ce rapport est une mise à jour des chiffres de 2018 par rapport à la publication précédente Financement Climatique Fourni et Mobilisé par les Pays Développés en 2013-17. Il donne un aperçu de l'évolution des quatre composantes suivantes du financement climatique sur la période 2013-2018 : les financements climatiques publics bilatéraux, les financements climatiques multilatéraux (attribués aux pays développés), les crédits à l'exportation liés au climat, et les financements privés mobilisés par les financement publics des pays développés. S'appuyant sur les travaux antérieurs, le rapport approfondit l'analyse en fournissant non seulement des chiffres agrégés, mais également une ventilation supplémentaire en termes de bénéficiaires et de caractéristiques des financements climatiques.
  • 20-January-2021


    Assessing the effectiveness of currency-differentiated tools - The case of reserve requirements

    This paper provides the first comprehensive analysis of benefits and side-effects of foreign-currency differentiated reserve requirements for a sample of 58 countries from 1999 to 2015. Departing from the existing literature on effectiveness which used binary variables to measure policy changes, the intensity of reserve requirement adjustments is captured by using the gap between foreign and local currency rates to isolate the impact of differentiation net of volume effects. The findings show that increasing the gap between FX and local currency-denominated reserve requirements is generally effective in reducing currency mismatch and dollarisation in banks’ balance sheets, notably through a reduction in the share of banks’ FX liabilities to total liabilities and in banks’ net FX positions. The findings also show that a higher gap is associated with a broader reduction in capital inflows, in particular portfolio debt inflows and flows to non-banks. Little evidence of domestic or international circumvention, with risks shifting to other sectors or countries is visible.
  • 19-janvier-2021


    Dynamiques du développement en Afrique 2021 - Transformation digitale et qualité de l'emploi

    Dynamiques du développement en Afrique tire les leçons des expériences des cinq régions du continent – Afrique australe, centrale, de l'Est, du Nord et de l'Ouest – pour développer des recommandations en matière de politiques publiques et partager les bonnes pratiques. Étayé par les plus récentes statistiques, son décryptage des dynamiques de développement vise à permettre aux leaders africains de réaliser la vision stratégique de l’Agenda 2063 à tous les niveaux : continental, régional, national et local. L'édition 2021, dorénavant publiée en début d’année, explore le potentiel de la transformation digitale pour créer des emplois de qualité et réaliser l'Agenda 2063, en vue de renforcer la résilience des économies africaines face à la récession mondiale déclenchée par la pandémie de COVID-19. Le rapport cible quatre types d’action publique pour soutenir la transformation digitale de l'Afrique : réduire la fracture digitale ; soutenir l'innovation locale ; dynamiser les travailleurs indépendants ; et accélérer l'harmonisation, la mise en œuvre et le suivi des stratégies digitales. Cette édition comprend un nouveau chapitre examinant les perspectives de financement du développement de l'Afrique face à la crise économique mondiale de 2020. Dynamiques du développement en Afrique a pour vocation de nourrir le débat entre les membres de l’Union africaine, ainsi qu’avec les citoyens, entrepreneurs et chercheurs. Son ambition est de participer à une nouvelle coopération entre pays et entre régions, qui soit tournée vers l’apprentissage mutuel et la préservation de nos biens communs. Ce rapport est le fruit de la coopération entre la Commission de l’Union africaine et le Centre de développement de l’OCDE.
  • 19-January-2021


    Digital Delivery of Financial Education: Design and Practice

    This report contributes to a better understanding of how public authorities worldwide are designing, delivering and evaluating digital financial education initiatives.

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  • 11-January-2021


    Interview with Jean-Michel Godeffroy on central bank digital currencies

    Jean-Michel Godeffroy, director general for 16 years at the European Central Bank, answers questions by Matthieu Saint-Olive from Consensys about his vision for central bank digital currencies (CBDC).

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  • 8-January-2021


    Mobilising institutional investor capital for climate-aligned development

    Financing from institutional investors will be critical to achieving the sustainable development goals and curbing climate change. However, these large investors have been largely absent from multilateral initiatives to mobilise private capital. Partly as a result, such initiatives have been unable to reach the scale required for development finance to go 'from billions to trillions'. Successful mobilisation of private capital – including from institutional investors – has instead frequently taken place at the local level, by strategic investment funds and some green banks. At the same time, some institutional investors have been changing their modus operandi, from an intermediary to a collaborative model, and are re-localising their operations. The elimination of financial intermediaries with a short-term focus removes a bottleneck between two categories of long-term investors – institutional investors and multilateral finance institutions. That opens new opportunities for collaboration, as discussed in this paper.
  • 23-December-2020

    English, PDF, 543kb

    Opportunities and Challenges of Blockchain Technologies in Health Care

    Much hype surrounds the potential of blockchain technology in the health sector but few practical applications of the technology have been implemented in real-world health care settings. This policy brief supports health policy makers in their evaluation of blockchain solutions.

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