Israel Economic Snapshot

Economic Forecast Summary (December 2021)

Economic activity rebounded strongly in 2021 and GDP is projected to grow robustly by 6.3% in 2021, 4.9% in 2022 and 4% in 2023. The progressing booster vaccination campaign, a gradually recovering labour market and fading uncertainty will support domestic demand. Strong growth of high-tech services exports will continue. The recovery could be slower if the health situation deteriorates again, or the increase in inflation is stronger or more persistent than assumed in the projections. Growth could be stronger if accumulated savings are withdrawn more quickly.

Reform Priorities (May 2021)

Going for Growth 2021 - Israel

To build a resilient and strong recovery, policy should focus on upskilling and education. The COVID-19 crisis threatens to aggravate Israel’s long-standing challenges of high poverty, especially among the Ultra-Orthodox and Arab Israelis, and wide productivity disparity between its vibrant high-tech sector and more traditional and sheltered sectors, which employ most of the workforce and account for most of the productivity shortfall vis-à-vis the best performing OECD countries.

©Shutterstock/Anton Petrus

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2021 Structural Reform Priorities

  • Labour market: Resources for public employment services and active labour market policies, especially training, should be increased
  • Education and skills: Improve the quality and equity of education and training
  • Infrastructure: For a well-functioning public transport infrastructure, better coordination and pricing are needed
  • Local government: Reform financing of local municipalities and introduce incentives for cooperation
  • Competition and regulation: Lower barriers that protect markets and promote best-practice regulation


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Economic Survey of Israel (September 2020)

Assessing incentives to reduce traffic congestion in Israel (December 2019)

Traffic congestion is a major problem in Israel. Costs of congestion are estimated at around 2% of GDP, above levels in other high-income economies. The availability of public transport is being increased to tackle the problem. However, it will take time to reap the full benefits of these investments. To provide a near term solution, an Inter-Ministerial Technical Committee is exploring the introduction of congestion charges. This report provides insights into the effectiveness of congestion charging systems and identify options that Israel could consider for the design and implementation of an effective congestion charging system. The report is the result of the work of an interdisciplinary OECD team bringing together the Centre for Tax Policy and Administration, the Economics Department, the Environment Directorate, the International Transport Forum and the Public Governance Directorate.