Despite a high number of infections and fatalities, the economy recovered strongly at the end of 2020. GDP growth is expected to reach 3.7% in 2021 and 2.5% in 2022, driven by a progressive increase in household consumption and investment. Inflation has picked up recently and is projected to be above target over the projection period.
The need to rekindle economic activity after the pandemic only intensifies the urgency of tackling long-standing structural policy challenges. To sustain strong growth productivity needs to increase, as well as protection of those in need and economic opportunities for all.
©Shutterstock/Anton PetrusRead full country note
2021 Structural Reform Priorities
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused severe human suffering and triggered a deep recession in Brazil. Economic policies reacted in a timely and decisive manner to the crisis, supporting millions of Brazilians. But a strong and inclusive recovery from the recession will require long-lasting improvements in economic policies. Improving fiscal outcomes remains one of Brazil’s principal challenges given a high debt burden, to which the pandemic has added significantly.