Security is fundamental to people’s livelihoods, reducing poverty and achieving the Millennium Development Goals. It relates to person and state safety, access to social services and political processes. It is a core government responsibility, necessary for economic and social development and vital for the protection of human rights.
Security matters to the poor and other vulnerable groups, especially women and children, because bad policing, weak justice and penal systems and corrupt militaries mean that they suffer disproportionately from crime, insecurity and fear. They are consequently less likely to be able to access government services, invest in improving their own futures and escape from poverty.
There is increasing awareness of the overlap between development needs and security concerns for the effective prevention of violent conflict and the long-term elimination of poverty. If states are to create the conditions in which they can escape from a downward spiral wherein insecurity, criminalisation and under-development are mutually reinforcing, socio-economic, governance and security dimensions must be tackled together using an integrated approach.
> From policy to practice - the OECD DAC Handbook on Security System Reform
The OECD DAC Handbook on SSR: Supporting Security and Justice provides guidance to operationalise the 2005 DAC Guidelines on Security System Reform and Governance and closes the gap between policy and practice.
Although the guidance and handbook have both strongly influenced policy debate within the UN, EU, donor capitals and other organisations, impact and results on the ground have been more difficult to achieve.
In response, SSR country consultations were conceived in 2007 and are now being run on behalf of the OECD by Rory Keane, project manager for the CPDC.
Policy without an impact on field level behaviour is of limited value. In order to better link policy and field level programming, the CPDC has developed a variety of training materials to provide and maintain guidance for development policy and practice.
The CPDC Network has produced concise and accessible programmatic guidance on a range of conflict prevention and peacebuilding topics from engaging with civil society to the impact of the environment on conflict dynamics.