Industry and entrepreneurship


OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2018

Adapting to Technological and Societal Disruption

The OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2018 is the twelfth edition in a series that biennially reviews key trends in science, technology and innovation (STI) policy in OECD countries and a number of major partner economies. The 14 chapters within this edition look at a range of topics, notably the opportunities and challenges related to enhanced data access, the impacts of artificial intelligence on science and manufacturing, and the influence of digitalisation on research and innovation. The report also discusses the shortcomings of current policy measures, how the Sustainable Development Goals are re-shaping STI policy agendas, and the need for new - more flexible and agile - approaches to technology governance and policy design. While these disruptive changes challenge policy makers in a number of ways, the digital revolution underway also provides solutions for better policy targeting, implementation and monitoring. This report relies on the latest academic work in the field, research and innovation statistical data, as well as data on wider trends and issues. It makes extensive use of country responses to the 2017 EC OECD STI policy survey ( and features contributions by renowned experts and academics to broaden the debate and provide more personal, sometimes controversial, angles to it.

Published on November 19, 2018Also available in: French

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SUMMARIESavailable in 26 languages

English OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2018 (Summary in English)
French Science, technologie et innovation : Perspectives de l'OCDE 2018
Spanish OCDE Perspectivas de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación 2018
German OECD Wissenschafts-, Technologie- und Innovationsausblick 2018
Japanese OECD科学技術イノベーション アウトルック2018
Italian Prospettive dell’OCSE sulla Scienza, tecnologia e sull’innovazione 2018
Chinese 2018年OECD科学、技术与创新展望
Czech Výhled OECD na rok 2018 v oblasti vědy, technologií a inovací
Danish OECD Udsigter for videnskab, teknologi og innovation 2018
Dutch OESO - Vooruitzichten voor wetenschap, technologie en innovatie 2018
Estonian OECD teaduse, tehnoloogia ja innovatsiooni väljavaated 2018
Finnish OECD:n Tiede- Teknologia- ja Innovaatiokatsaus 2018
Greek Επιστήμη, Τεχνολογία και Καινοτομία: Προοπτικές ΟΟΣΑ, Έκδοση 2018
Hebrew סקירת OECD לשנת 2018 בנושא מדע, טכנולוגיה וחדשנות
Hungarian OECD tudomány, technológia és innováció: 2018. évi kilátások
Icelandic Horfur OECD í vísindum, tækni og nýsköpun árið 2018
Korean 2018년도 OECD 과학·기술·혁신 전망
Latvian OECD Zinātnes, tehnoloģiju un inovāciju apskats 2018
Norwegian OECD-rapport om vitenskap, teknologi og innovasjon 2016
Polish Nauka, technologia i innowacje w krajach: przegląd OECD 2018
Portuguese Perspetivas da OCDE para a Ciência, a Tecnologia e a Inovação 2018
Russian Перспективы науки, технологий и инноваций ОЭСР 2018
Slovak Výhľad OECD v oblasti vedy, technológií a inovácií v roku 2018
Slovene Pregled področja znanosti, tehnologije in inovacij OECD 2018
Swedish Vetenskap, teknik och innovation: Översikt 2018
Turkish OECD 2018 Bilim, Teknoloji ve İnovasyon Görünümü


Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary
Adapting to technological and societal disruption (Infographic)
An introduction to the STI Outlook 2018
Artificial intelligence and the technologies of the Next Production Revolution
Perspectives on innovation policies in the digital age
STI policies for delivering on the Sustainable Development Goals
Artificial intelligence and machine learning in science
Enhanced access to publicly funded data for STI
Gender in a changing context for STI
New trends in public research funding
The governance of public research policy across OECD countries
Technology governance and the innovation process
New approaches in policy design and experimentation
The digitalisation of science and innovation policy
Mixing experimentation and targeting: innovative entrepreneurship policy in a digitised world
Blue Sky perspectives towards the next generation of data and indicators on science and innovation
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