This report quantifies the magnitude, value, scope and trends of global trade in counterfeit
and pirated goods, also known as fakes. Using a unique enforcement dataset and tailored
methodology, it estimates the overall scale of this threat and outlines which industries
are particularly at risk. It also gauges the main economies of origin of fakes in
global trade, and the key directions of trade flows. Finally, it analyses recent trends
in terms of modes of shipment and the evolution of trade routes.