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Más de la mitad de la población adulta en España padece sobrepeso, lo que tiene unos efectos importantes. Los españoles viven en promedio 2,6 años menos debido al sobrepeso. Las repercusiones sobre la economía son destacables: el sobrepeso representa el 9,7 % del gasto en salud; y reduce la producción del mercado de trabajo en una cuantía equivalente a 479 000 trabajadores a tiempo completo por año.
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Over half the adult population in Spain is overweight, and this has a significant impact The Spanish live on average 2.6 years less due to overweight. The impact on the economy is large: overweight accounts for 9.7% of health expenditure; and lowers labour market outputs by the equivalent of 479 thousand full time workers per year. Combined, this means that overweight reduces Spain’s GDP by 2.9%.
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The tax wedge for the average single worker in Spain increased by 0.1 percentage points from 39.3 in 2017 to 39.4 in 2018. The OECD average tax wedge in 2018 was 36.1 (2017, 36.2).
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This country fact-sheet presents key figures from "Under Pressure: The Squeezed Middle Class". This report analyses the trends of middle-income households in areas such as employment, consumption, wealth and debt, as well as perceptions and social attitudes. It also includes recommendations for protecting middle-class living standards and financial security in the face of economic challenges.
Digitalisation is changing the lives of citizens around the world. The pace of change is extraordinarily high, and in this respect Latin America and the Caribbean are no exception. In the period 2014-2017, mobile broadband penetration in the region rose from 50 to 70 subscriptions per 100 people, bringing many more citizens online for the first time. In just three years!
Our technologies, our innovation, our economies, need to be less artificial and more intelligent. How do we do that? How do we bring the human being, the values of inclusion and wellbeing to the heart of Artificial Intelligence? This is one of the greatest challenges of our days!
Mr. Angel Gurría, Secretary-General of the OECD, will be in Barcelona on 25 February 2019 to attend the Mobile World Congress. The Secretary-General will deliver a Keynote speech at the AI Innovation, Ethics and Diversity session. He will also deliver remarks at the Investing in the Digital Transformation Ministerial session.
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The tax-to-GDP ratio in Spain increased by 0.5 percentage points, from 33.2% in 2016 to 33.7% in 2017. The corresponding figures for the OECD average were an increase of 0.2 percentage points from 34.0% to 34.2% over the same period.