• 20-September-2013


    Energy Policies Beyond IEA Countries: Estonia 2013

    This review of Estonia’s energy policies analyses the energy policy challenges and opportunities facing Estonia, and provides critiques and recommendations for future policy improvements. It finds that Estonia is actively seeking to reduce the intensity of its energy system. Many of these efforts are focused on oil shale, which the country has been using for almost a century and which meets 70% of its energy demand. While it provides a large degree of energy security, oil shale is highly carbon-intensive.
    The government is seeking to lessen the negative environmental impact by phasing out old power plants and developing new technologies to reduce significantly CO2 emissions.

    The efforts on oil shale complement Estonia’s solid track record of modernising its overall energy system. Since restoring its independence in 1991, Estonia has fully liberalised its electricity and gas markets and attained most national energy policy targets and commitments for 2020. It has also started preparing its energy strategy to 2030, with an outlook to 2050. Estonia is also promoting energy market integration with neighbouring EU member states.

  • 20-June-2013


    Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables

    Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables

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  • 26-April-2013


    OECD Central Government Debt Statistics 2012

    Governments are major issuers of debt instruments in the global financial market. This volume provides quantitative information on central government debt instruments for the 34 OECD member countries to meet the analytical requirements of users such as policy makers, debt management experts and market analysts.  Statistics are presented according to a comprehensive standard framework to allow cross-country comparison.  Country methodological notes provide information on debt issuance in each country as well as on the institutional and regulatory framework governing debt management policy and selling techniques.
  • 11-June-2012


    Senior budget official country reviews of budgeting systems

    The objective of senior budget official country reviews is to provide a comprehensive overview of the budget process in the country under examination, to evaluate national experiences in the light of international best practice and to provide specific policy recommendations.

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  • 1-March-2012

    English, , 622kb

    Accession of Estonia to the OECD: a review of International Investment Policies

    This review was prepared to assess Estonia's investment policies so as to provide the OECD Council with a formal opinion on the willingness and ability of Estonia to assume the obligations of membership to the OECD in the field of investment.

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  • 13-September-2011

    English, , 109kb

    Education at a Glance 2011: Country note – Estonia

    The 2011 edition of Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators enables countries to see themselves in the light of other countries’ performance.

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  • 4-August-2011


    OECD Public Governance Reviews - Estonia: Towards a Single Government Approach

    Since the restoration of independence in 1991, Estonia has met the challenge of establishing a fully functional, stable, and modern state.

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  • 25-June-2011

    English, , 650kb

    Estonia - Enhancing Market Openness, Intellectual Property Rights and Compliance through Regulatory Reform

    An analysis of Estonia’s trade policy-related institutions and regulations and their influence on market openness, covering transparency, non-discrimination, trade restrictiveness, harmonisation towards international standards, conformity assessment procedures and intellectual property rights.

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  • 16-June-2009

    English, , 84kb

    Overview of country results in TALIS - Estonia

    OECD’s Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) provides the first internationally comparative perspective on the conditions of teaching and learning.

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  • 7-April-2009


    Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2011: Country Notes

    Country Notes from OECD Economic Policy Reforms: Going for growth 2011 presenting OECD recommendations for structural reform priorities for individual countries.

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