OECD international repository in support of climate action

Data for #ClimateAction

The OECD repository of international data and indicators on the environmental, economic, financial and social dimensions of climate change provides essential information for effective climate policies. Navigate the data, explore emissions by country and by sector, and countries’ energy mix, and learn more about country policies including carbon pricing, fossil fuel subsidies and investment in renewable energy.

Access Environment at a Glance climate indicators

Data story – latest trends

An interactive global picture of selected climate change indicators

Progress in reducing carbon emissions is insufficient to reach the Paris Agreement

  • Achieving net-zero emissions requires rapid economic, social and technological transformations. Many countries are taking action, but progress is insufficient to achieve the goals of the 2015 Paris Agreement and keep the global average temperature increase well-below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.
  • Renewable energy is increasingly used, but still accounts for only 11% of energy supply and 27% of electricity production in the OECD. This is not enough to effectively reduce GHG emissions from energy use.

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Energy and transport are among the main drivers behind greenhouse gas emissions

  • OECD countries still rely on fossil fuels for about 80% of their energy supply. 
  • Industries producing energy and transport are the largest emitters of greenhouse gases (GHG). 
  • Energy and surface transport are also by far the largest recipients of #GreenRecovery measures across OECD countries and partners.


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Carbon emissions and footprints vary widely among countries

  • International trade and global value chains play an important role in carbon emissions. The carbon footprint of OECD countries is generally higher than domestic emissions. About 18% of emissions associated with domestic final demand in OECD countries stem from foreign sources.
  • How does your country compare?


Carbon emissions and footprints


Source: OECD (2021), Environment at a Glance Indicators, based on IEA data

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More efforts are needed to phase-out fossil fuel subsidies and support innovation and development

  • Many governments support the production and consumption of fossil fuels. In 2019, this support amounted to USD 468 billion, across 81 economies. Several countries provide fossil fuel support as part of their Covid-19 recovery packages.
  • Click on the legend below the map to explore other policy instruments relevant for climate action, such as investment in research and development, patents, official development assistance.


Support to fossil fuels and other selected policy instruments



Source: OECD (2021), Environment at a Glance Indicators

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...and additional effort is needed to tax carbon emissions

  • Carbon pricing encourages the shift of production and consumption choices towards low-carbon options. It is not yet used to its full potential according to the latest data.
  • With a Carbon Pricing Score of only 19%, the 44 OECD and G20 countries analysed still have 80% of the way to go to reach the EUR 60 benchmark that would be needed to move towards a low-carbon economy.
  • In most countries effective carbon rates (ECR) in the road transport sector are higher than in other sectors.


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Climate change trends

Sarah Miet of the OECD Environment Directorate presents trends on climate change in OECD countries prior to the COVID-19 pandemic.

OECD work in support of climate action


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