Algorithmic competition


Read the background note 

  14 June 2023 - 15:00-18:00 CET  OECD Conference Centre, Paris

What is the role of algorithms on competition and what harms may they pose?

In June 2023 the OECD will hold a roundtable on the topic to look at the role of algorithms on competition and what harms they may pose, with regards to both co-ordinated conduct (such as algorithmic collusion) and unilateral conduct (such as algorithmic exclusionary and exploitative abuses). The discussion will identify the different types of algorithms and present any available information regarding their prevalence. It will also identify potential theories of harm that could result from the use of these algorithms.

Participants will also discuss how competition authorities can investigate these potential algorithmic harms. For example, whether it is feasible for competition authorities to perform an audit or review of an algorithm to identify harm to competition. And if so, whether and to what extent competition authorities should engage in algorithmic auditing. Finally, we will consider whether existing competition law and/or digital regulation are sufficient to address these algorithmic harms.

All related documentation will become available on this page. 


See the full list of best practice roundtables on competition.

Invited speakers

Emilio Calvano Bio  
Full Professor, University of Rome and Associate Faculty, Toulouse School of Economics  

Michal Gal Bio 
Professor of Law, University of Haifa

Cathy O'Neil Bio 
Data Scientist and CEO of ORCAA (O'Neil Risk Consulting & Algorithmic Auditing)

Forthcoming documents 

OECD Background Note


Contributions from participating delegations




European Union









South Africa


United Kingdom

Related best practice roundtables

Data Screening Tools for Competition Investigations (2022)

Ex Ante Regulation and Competition in Digital Markets (2021)

Abuse of dominance in digital markets (2020)

Personalised Pricing in the Digital Era (2018)

Algorithms and collusion (2017)

See also

OECD Business and Finance Outlook 2021 - AI in Business and Finance

OECD best practice roundtables on competition

More OECD work on competition


Related Documents