ODA eligibility database




Sector or themePeace and security: mine clearance
Provider countryDenmark
Recipient countryIraq
Implementing agencyUnited States Department of State via Sterling International
Budget (USD x 1000)1000 (Danish contribution) Total budget approximately: 2000 for one year
Purpose code15250 Removal of land mines and explosive remnants of war

  • The rising threat in Iraq from unexploded ordnance and, in particular, improvised explosive devices (IEDs), is particularly acute in liberated areas where IEDs have been used by Da’esh. The threat of IEDs is delaying the restoration of critical infrastructure and the return of citizens to their homes. In order to kick-start civilian clearance activities, the U.S. Department of State has contracted Sterling International to provide IED destruction experts to survey and clear critical infrastructure and habitable sections of Ramadi to enable timely inspection, the repair of facilities and the safe return of displaced persons.
  • The objective of this cooperation is to rapidly and safely remove the threat of unexploded ordnance (UXO) and abandoned ordnance (AXO), improvised explosive devices and man-portable air-defence systems (MANPADS). This activity is in cooperation with Iraqi authorities and focuses on infrastructure so that Ramadi’s displaced citizens can return to their homes. Sterling’s IED destruction experts will also provide training to Iraqi emergency response EOD staff to enable them to address complex IEDs in the longer term. All work and training will be done in accordance with IMAS standards (or NATO STANAGS in the case of IEDs); will meet host nation requirements and will conform to international and industry best practices.
  • This activity contributed to the safe removal of unexploded ordnance and abandoned ordnance and improvised explosive devices.
  • The activity is deemed ODA-eligible, as it concerns the destruction of explosive remnants of war, including MANPADS and landmines and has clear benefits for civilians in developing countries (paragraph 107). Given the large amount of unexploded ordnance, in particular improvised explosive devices (IEDs) left behind by retreating Da’esh forces, coordinated mine action is key to stabilising areas, facilitating the return of IDPs and enabling the provision of basic services. Without timely and adequate clearance of critical infrastructure and residential and administrative areas, other stabilisation efforts will be delayed, which would be potentially destabilising as well as leading to safety concerns due to the extent of the contamination. The project’s training component targets civilian emergency response personnel and local nationals recruited from affected areas. The use of commercial contractors is in line with UNMAS’ current strategy for “blended solutions” to the twin demands of clearance and capacity development in Iraq.