Blockchain and competition policy


Blockchain is a general-purpose distributed ledger technology that threatens to disrupt markets and institutions across the world.

Where the internet enabled the publishing and digital transfer of information, blockchain technology authenticates the ownership of assets, makes them traceable, and facilitates their digital transfer. It therefore allows direct trading of assets by providing trust in the transaction and reducing uncertainty (through its use of trustworthy self-executing code). 

Viewed from a competition policy perspective this might create both opportuntities to enhance competition and efficiency and risks of anticompetitive conduct. 

In June 2018, the OECD heard from a range of experts on these opportuntities and risks. This page contains all available materials.

Read the issues paper by the OECDAccess the full list of Competition Policy Roundtables.



OECD Issues Paper 

» Executive Summary with key findings •  Synthèse des points clés de la discussion

» Detailed Summary of the discussion • Compte rendu detaillé de la discussion


Isabelle Corbett [Bio] ‌ 
Senior Counsel & Director of Regulatory Affairs, R3

Catherine Mulligan [Bio]  ‌  
Visiting Researcher, Imperial College London and Expert of the World Economic Forum for Blockchain Technologies

Peder Østbye [Bio] 
Special Adviser, Norges Bank

Mark Simpson [Bio] 
Partner, Norton Rose Fulbright 

Thibault Schrepel [Bio] 
Associate Researcher, University of Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

Ajinkya M Tulpule ‌ 
Senior Legal Counsel, Ferrero


Related articles, blogs or reports by our invited speakers

Is Blockchain the Death of Antitrust Law?The Blockchain Antitrust Paradox Link to an external site icon

Blockchain will kill the traditional firm by Catherine Mulligan Link to an external site icon

The Adequacy of Competition Policy for Cryptocurrency Markets by Peder Østbye Link to an external site icon

The Case for a 21 Million Bitcoin Conspiracyby Peder Østbye Link to an external site icon

Blockchain: competition issues in nascent markets by Mark Simpson Link to an external site icon

Enforcement and Compliance in a Blockchain(ed) World by Ajinkya Tulpule Link to an external site icon‌    



OECD Blockchain Primer

OECD Blockchain Policy Forum 2018

The Blockchain Revolution Podcast

In Part 1 of a two-part podcast series, the OECD's Greg Medcraft discusses blockchain, starting with the basics of this revolutionary technology. 


12-13/09/2019 - OECD Blockchain Policy Forum

Watch a recording of our competition session here 

2019 Forum webcast

About the discussion 

About the R3 consortium approach

How firms are collaborating in blockchain and concerns on eventual risk of collusions

Risks of exclusionary conduct and what authorities can do about it

The use of traditional antitrust tools against the risks of collusion 

How blockchain may change the way agencies work 


For more videos, click here.





Rethinking antitrust tools for multi-sided platforms, 2018

Implications of e-commerce for competition policy, 2018

Algorithms and collusion, 2017

Radical Innovation in the electricity sector, 2017

Big Data: Briging competition policy to the digital era, 2016

Disruptive innovation in land transport, 2016

Disruptive innovation in legal services, 2016

Disruptive innovation in financial markets, 2015

Disruptive innovation in competition law enforcement, 2015

Disruptive innovations and their effect on competition, 2015 


Digital economy, innovation and competition

Abuse of dominance

Cartels and anti-competitive agreements

Competition enforcement practices

Liberalisation and competition intervention in regulated sectors


Pro-competitive policy reforms

Access the full list of Competition Policy Roundtables

Link to the  OECD Competition Home Page  


Related Documents